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Table 5 Positivity to single agents and co-infections among all dogs included in the study, apparently healthy and CVBD-suspect dogs

From: Countrywide serological evaluation of canine prevalence for Anaplasma spp., Borrelia burgdorferi (sensu lato), Dirofilaria immitis and Ehrlichia canis in Mexico

Pathogens Healthy dogs CVBD-suspect dogs Total population
n % n % n %
Single agent 188 19.9* 276 38.2* 475 27.84
A 27 2.9 22 3.0 50 2.93
Bb 0 0 2 0.3 2 0.12
Di 16 1.7 23 3.2 42 2.46
Ec 145 15.4* 229 31.7* 381 22.33
Co-infections 39 4.1* 108 15* 151 8.85
Ec + Di 8 0.8* 23 3.2* 31 1.82
Ec + Bb 0 0 1 0.1 1 0.06
Ec + A 24 2.5* 72 10* 100 5.86
Di + Bb 0 0 0 0 0 0
Di + A 2 0.2 4 0.6 6 0.35
Bb + A 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ec + Di + Bb 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ec + Di + A 5 0.5 7 1.0 12 0.7
Ec + Bb + A 0 0 1 0.1 1 0.06
Di + Bb + A 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ec + Di + Bb + A 0 0 0 0 0 0
  1. Abbreviations: A Anaplasma spp., Bb B. burgdorferi (sensu lato), Di D. immitis, Ec E. canis
  2. *Statistically significant difference (P < 0.05)