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Table 1 Culicoides spp. collected during 20 nights comparative trapping in at site TN01 using light emitting diode (LED) Center for Disease Control (CDC) light-suction traps (mean number collected per night with range shown in parentheses

From: DNA barcoding and surveillance sampling strategies for Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in southern India

Species Green LED CDC trap (~570 nm peak wavelength) UV LED CDC trap (~390 nm peak wavelength)a
  Npb Bfb Gb Pb Mb Total catch Appearancesc Npb Bfb Gb Pb Mb Total catch Appearancesc
C. anophelis 9.5 (0–23) 0.1 (0–1) 0.1 (0–1) 0.1 (0–1) 0.2 (0–2) 9.7 (0–23) 19 99.0 (0–341) 4.6 (0–50) 4.7 (0–35) 1.1 (0–14) 5.5 (0–99) 19
C. brevitarsis 0.3 (0–2) 0.2 (0–1) 0.2 (0–1) 0.7 (0–2) 8 16.8 (0–122) 1.3 (0–11) 0.1 (0–1) 8.1 (0–74) 2.8 (0–25) 1.5 (0–122) 15
C. huffi 0.2 (0–5) 0.2 (0–5) 1
C. imicola 0.1 (0–4) 0.3 (0–1) 0.3 (0–2) 1.5 (0–14) 3.0 (0–14) 17 29.9 (0–136) 7.6 (0–63) 10.9 (0–84) 14.8 (0–52) 63.1 (0–136) 19
C. innoxius 0.1 (0–1) 0.1 (0–1) 1 0.3 (0–7) 0.4 (0–9) 0.9 (0–17) 5.3 (0–23) 8
C. oxystoma 156.3 (2–317) 45.6 (4–105) 1.2 (0–6) 60.5 (4–120) 37.6 (8–117) 301.2 (0–317) 20 2,537.5 (262–8,034) 248.3 (29–499) 12.9 (0–101) 608.1 (87–1,380) 473.5 (46–1,102) 3,880.3 (0–8,034) 20
C. peliliouensis 0.1 (0–1) 0.1 (0–1) 1 2.3 (0–31) 0.5 (0–10) 0.1 (0–31) 3
C. peregrinus 8.7 (0–27) 33.1 (4–95) 0.4 (0–4) 6.4 (0–22) 0.8 (0–4) 49.4 (0–95) 20 437.4 (65–1,898) 964.1 (66–3,265) 19.8 (0–175) 454 (15–2,366) 57.6 (0–452) 1,932.8 (0–3,265) 20
  1. Abbreviations: Np non-pigmented females, Bf blood-fed females, G gravid females, P pigmented females, M males
  2. aEstimated using standardised subsampling procedure [66]
  3. b-dash indicates species/ sex/ parity state not collected
  4. cnumber of nights out of 20