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Table 1 Characteristics of the 10 farms where Culicoides midges were collected by light traps in Sardinia

From: Role of different Culicoides vectors (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in bluetongue virus transmission and overwintering in Sardinia (Italy)

Collection sites Geographic coordinates (sites ranked North to South) Altitude (m asl) Mean low temperature of the coldest month (°C) Mean high temperature of the warmest month (°C) Annual precipitation (mm) Host diversity and host abundance Trap localisation Main larval habitats
Arzachena 41°09′N; 9°23′E 77 3.60 33.10 800 200 sheep outside sheep shelter, close to sheep leaking watering troughs, permanent puddles, water spring
Sassari-1 40°45′N; 8°12′E 120 5.16 30.70 460 500 sheep inside sheep shelter, widely open cattle-watering pond, shallow pool, leaking watering troughs, manure
Sassari-2 40°44′N; 8°12′E 140 5.23 31.80 600 50 cattle; 10 horses; 300 sheep inside sheep shelter, widely open cattle-watering pond, shallow pool, manure
Olmedo 40°38′N; 8°22′E 30 2.13 31.37 600 250 sheep inside sheep shelter, widely open natural drainage channel, leaking watering troughs
Fonni 40°07′N; 9°18′E 980 -2.66 32.33 810 100 sheep outside sheep shelter, close to sheep natural drainage channel, sheep-watering pond
Seneghe 40°03′N; 8°32′E 160 5.90 34.00 500 60 cattle; 250 sheep inside cattle barn, with little openings leaking watering troughs, natural drainage channel, manure
Barisardo 39°81′N’ 9°65′E 50 3.73 31.03 650 300 sheep outside sheep shelter, close to sheep leaking watering troughs
Lanusei 39°52′N; 9°33′E 490 1.00 30.83 500 100 goats outside, closed to goats leaking watering troughs
Villaverde 39°48′N; 8°47′E 450 2.85 33.30 500 350 sheep inside sheep shelter, widely open natural drainage channel, leaking watering troughs, sheep-watering pond
S. Antioco 38°59′N; 8°25′E 40 7.93 33.13 500 50 cattle inside cattle barn, widely open leaking watering troughs, manure