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Table 2 Treatment recommendations for VL in East Africa

From: A review of visceral leishmaniasis during the conflict in South Sudan and the consequences for East African countries

Treatment phase Recommended therapy References
First line VL Pentavalent antimonials [9, 24]
Second line VL Amphotericin B deoxycholate and pentamidine [9]
First line VL and HIV Co-infection Miltefosine + liposomal amphotericin B + antiretroviral therapy [68]
First line PKDL Pentavalent antimonials, miltefosine or liposomal amphotericin B [9, 24, 59, 81]