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Table 2 Pooled prevalence of Echinococcus multilocularis in Arctic foxes, raccoon dogs, wild canids (golden jackal and wolf), cats and dogs

From: The geographical distribution and prevalence of Echinococcus multilocularis in animals in the European Union and adjacent countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Country Host No. of studies included Pooled prevalence (%) 95 % CI (%) Time range of studies (years) Reference
Austria Cat 1 0a na 2004–2005 [216]
Dog 1 0a na 2004–2005 [216]
Cyprus Dog 1 0a na 2012 [24]
Czech Republic Cat 2 50 8.0–92.0 1997–2004 [80, 230]
Dog 1 1.8a na 1998 [80]
Denmark Raccoon dog 4 0 0 2011–2013 [2426]
Cat 1 0.6a na 2004–2005 [216]
Dog 1 0a na 2004–2005 [216]
Wild canids 1 0a na 2012 [24]
Estonia Raccoon dog 1 1.6a na 2012 [210]
Finland Raccoon dog 4 0 0 2012 [24, 199, 200]
Dog 1 0a na 2012 [24]
Wild canids 2 0 0 2013 [24]
France Cat 3 1.5 0.2–7.9 1989–2012 [24, 216, 226]
Dog 6 0.4 0.1–0.9 1988–2013 [30, 95, 101, 216218]
Germany Raccoon dog 4 2.5 0.1–7.9 1998–2008 [211213]
Cat 14 0.6 0.3–1.0 1973–2005 [24, 113, 115, 121, 122, 132, 133, 142, 216, 219, 227, 228]
Dog 6 0.3 0.2–0.3 1973–2012 [24, 122, 142, 216, 219]
Hungary Wild canids 2 4.7 0.1–15.3 2007–2013 [24, 214]
Italy Cat 1 0a na 2004–2005 [216]
Dog 2 0 0 2004–2012 [24, 216]
Latvia Raccoon dog 1 21a na 2002–2008 [152]
Wild canids 1 5.9a na 2003–2008 [215]
Lithuania Raccoon dog 1 8.2a na 2001–2006 [154]
Dog 1 0.8a na 2005–2006 [220]
Luxembourg Cat 1 0a na 2004–2005 [216]
Dog 1 0a na 2004–2005 [216]
Malta Dog 2 0 0 2012–2013 [199, 200]
Netherlands Raccoon dog 1 0a na 2012 [24]
Dog 2 0 0 2004–2013 [72, 216]
Cat 1 0.3a na 2004–2005 [216]
Poland Raccoon dog 3 10.4 4.1–19.3 nr [24, 168, 169]
Cat 2 0 0 nr [168, 169]
Dog 2 0 0 nr [168, 169]
Slovakia Raccoon dog 3 28.0 4.0–64.0 2002–2007 [24, 175, 177]
Cat 2 0 0 2002–2012 [24, 177]
Dog 5 0.4 0.1–1.3 2002–2012 [24, 177, 221, 222]
Wild canids 1 0a na 2013 [24]
Sweden Raccoon dog 1 0a na 2000–2009 [32]
Dog 2 0 0 2012–2013 [24]
Wild canids 2 0 0 2012–2013 [24]
United Kingdom Cat 1 0a na 2004–2005 [216]
Dog 1 0a na 2004–2005 [216]
Norway Arctic fox 2 5.8 3.9–8.2 1996–2004 [21, 24, 209]
Switzerland Cat 2 4.6 0.3–13.6 1999–2012 [24, 223]
Dog 6 1.2 0.1–3.4 1996–2013 [24, 193, 195, 223225]
Ukraine Raccoon dog 1 0a na 1998–2010 [77]
Wild canids 1 0a na 1998–2010 [77]
  1. aPrevalence estimate from only one study, not pooled prevalence
  2. Abbreviations: na, not applicable; nr, not reported