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Table 3 Pooled prevalence of Echinococcus multilocularis in arvicolids, muskrat, nutria, swine (domestic and wild), insectivores and murids

From: The geographical distribution and prevalence of Echinococcus multilocularis in animals in the European Union and adjacent countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Country Host No. of studies included Pooled prevalence (%) 95 % CI (%) Time range of studies (years) Reference
Belgium Arvicolids 4 0.2 0.0–0.6 2003–2004 [24]
Muskrat 2 16.0 7.0–28.0 2003–2006 [24, 232]
Insectivores 1 0a na 2003–2004 [24]
Murids 1 0a na 2003–2004 [24]
Czech Republic Arvicolids 4 1.3 0.1–3.7 1997 [79]
Insectivores 4 0 0 1997 [79]
Murids 4 0 0 1997 [79]
Finland Arvicolids 3 0 0 2000–2012 [24, 32]
Swine 2 0 0 2000–2009 [32]
France Arvicolids 36 4.8 1.6–9.7 1975–1995 [93, 95, 101, 242249, 255, 257]
Murids 5 0.97 0.7–1.3 1979–1985 [95, 101, 242, 246, 256]
Muskrat 2 1.1 0.2–2.8 1985–2010 [233, 234]
Nutria 1 5.8a na 2002–2003 [233]
Insectivores 1 0a na 1999–2000 [101]
Germany Arvicolids 6 0.6 0.4–1.0 1979–1995 [121, 141, 250]
Muskrat 51 3.8 2.8–4.9 1974–2003 [113, 121, 136, 231, 235–237, 240–241]
Nutria 1 0.4a na 2010 [231]
Murids 1 0a na 1979–1986 [250]
Swine 1 5.3a na 2004 [259]
Lithuania Swine 1 0.4a na 2005–2006 [220]
Luxembourg Muskrat 1 1.8a na nr [238]
Netherlands Muskrat 1 0.06a na 1998–1999 [239]
Poland Arvicolids 6 0 0 2004–2006 [251]
Insectivores 4 0 0 2004–2006 [251]
Murids 9 0 0 nr [168, 169, 251]
Romania Arvicolids 1 1.4a na 1989–2010 [262]
Swine 2 0 0 1989 [73]
Sweden Swine 6 0a na 2000–2009 [32]
Norway Arvicolids 5 27.0 18.0–37.0 1999–2009 [30, 39, 207, 209]
Swine 1 0a na 2000–2009 [32]
Switzerland Arvicolids 26 13.3 10.8–16.1 1993–2008 [187, 189191, 223, 224, 252254]
Murids 3 0 0 1999–2002 [224, 229, 253]
Swine 1 10a na nr [258]
  1. aPrevalence estimate from only one study, not pooled prevalence
  2. Abbreviations: na, not applicable, nr, not reported