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Table 5 Pooled prevalence of Echinococcus multilocularis in definitive hosts other than red foxes

From: The geographical distribution and prevalence of Echinococcus multilocularis in animals in the European Union and adjacent countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Species (or group of species) No. of studies included Pooled prevalence (%) 95 % CI (%) Time range of studies (years) Location of the studies (Reference)
Dog (Canis lupus f. familiaris) 39 0.3 0.2–0.5 1973–2013 Slovakia [24, 177, 221, 222], Germany [24, 122, 142, 147, 216], Denmark [216], France [30, 95, 101, 216218], Switzerland [24, 193, 195, 223225], Czech Republic [79], Italy [24, 216], Austria [216], Luxembourg [216], The Netherlands [72, 216], Poland [168, 169], Lithuania [220], Cyprus [24], Finland [24], Malta [199, 200], Sweden [24], United Kingdom [216]
Cat (Felis silvestris f. catus) 31 0.5 0.3–0.8 1973–2013 Germany [24, 113, 135, 121, 122, 132, 133, 142, 216, 219, 227, 228], Switzerland [24, 223], Slovakia [24, 177], France [24, 216, 226], Czech Republic [79, 230], Austria [216], Luxembourg [216], The Netherlands [216], Italy [216], Poland [168, 169], Denmark [216], United Kingdom [216]
Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus) 2 9.0 6.0–12.0 1996–2013 Norway, Svalbard only [21, 24, 209]
Raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) 24 2.2 0.8–4.1 1998–2013 Lithuania [154], Latvia [152], Slovakia [24, 175, 177], Denmark [2426], Germany [211213], Ukraine [77], Sweden [32], Poland [24, 168, 169], Finland [24, 199, 200], Netherlands [31], Estonia [210]
Wolf (Canis lupus) 8 1.4 0.3–3.4 1998–2013 Latvia [215], Ukraine [77], Sweden [24], Slovakia [24], Denmark [24], Finland [24]
Golden jackal (Canis aureus) 2 4.7 0.1–15.3 2007–2013 Hungary [24, 214]