Skip to main content

Table 2 Anthropometric indicators and haemoglobin concentrations among 934 primary schoolchildren, stratified by Ascaris lumbricoides and/or Trichuris trichiura infection status, from Port Elizabeth, South Africa, in February 2015

From: Intestinal parasites, growth and physical fitness of schoolchildren in poor neighbourhoods of Port Elizabeth, South Africa: a cross-sectional survey

  Non-infected children A. lumbricoides single infection T. trichiura single infection A. lumbricoides-T. trichiura co-infection  
n = 635 n = 248 n = 207 n =156 P a
Anthropometric
 Meanb weight [kg] (95 % CIc) 31.6 (31.0–32.2) 28.4 (27.7–29.1) 27.8 (27.0–28.5) 27.8 (26.9–28.6) 0.011
 Meanb height [cm] (95 % CIc) 133.9 (133.3–134.5) 131.8 (130.9–132.6) 131.1 (130.1–132.1) 131.1 (130.0–132.2) 0.009
 Meanb BMI [kg m-2] (95 % CIc) 17.5 (17.2–17.7) 16.2 (16.0–16.5) 16.0 (15.7–16.3) 16.1 (15.7–16.4) 0.024
n (%) wastedd 15 (2.4) 17 (6.9) 16 (7.7) 12 (7.7) 0.418
n (%) stuntede 37 (5.8) 47 (19.0) 47 (22.7) 36 (23.1) 0.006
Haemotologic
 Meanb haemoglobin [g l-1] (95 % CIc) 123.1 (122.3–123.8) 120.4 (119.2–121.6) 119.5 (118.3–120.6) 119.5 (118.2–120.8) 0.009
  1. aAll P-values are calculated using either mixed linear or mixed logistic regression, as appropriate, adjusted for clustering of schools
  2. bArithmetic mean
  3. c95 % confidence interval
  4. dWasting is defined as ≤ -2 in BMIZ score
  5. eStunting is defined as ≤ -2 HAZ score