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Fig. 3 | Parasites & Vectors

Fig. 3

From: Mathematical modelling of lymphatic filariasis elimination programmes in India: required duration of mass drug administration and post-treatment level of infection indicators

Fig. 3

Age patterns of Mf (a) and Ag (b) prevalence of infection prior to MDA in the four simulated endemic settings. Antigenaemia is assumed to be detectable if at least one male or female worm is present in the host, but the detection rate increases with the number of adult worms (hypothesis 2). The model-predicted pattern of Mf-prevalence for Pondicherry (solid red line) matched well to the observed pattern (dots) from 1981. The predicted Mf prevalence prior to MDA at community level (8.5 %) for Pondicherry was within the range of the observed prevalence (8.6 %; 95 % CI: 7.9–9.4 %), as was the prevalence (5.3 %) in 6–7 year-old children (4.5 %; 95 % CI: 2.3–6.6 %). The model clearly mirrors the observed decline in prevalence in higher age groups (above 30 years)

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