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Table 2 Univariate and bivariate analysis for the association between seroprevalence of diseases and risk factors

From: Seroprevalence of fascioliasis, toxocariasis, strongyloidiasis and cysticercosis in blood samples diagnosed in Medic Medical Center Laboratory, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam in 2012

Risk factor Fascioliasis Toxocariasis Strongyloidiasis Cysticercosis
  n/total n (%) n/total n (%) n/total n (%) n/total n (%)
Gender
 Male 258/4,916 (5.2) 14,533/30,698 (47.3) 1,429/16,651 (8.6) 330/5,889 (5.6)
 Female 332/5,168 (6.4) 20,462/46,658 (43.9) 1,745/26,269 (6.6) 383/8,712 (4.4)
 RR 0.817 1.080 1.292 1.275
 (95 % CI) (0.70–0.96) (1.06–1.10) (1.21–1.38) (1.10–1.47)
P-value 0.012 < 0.0001 < 0.0001 0.001
Age group (years)
 ≤ 60 539/9,442 (5.7) 33,363/73,799 (45.2) 2,874/40,253 (7.1) 659/13,719 (4.8)
 > 60 51/642 (7.9) 1,632/3,557 (45.9) 300/2,667 (11.2) 54/882 (6.1)
 RR 0.719 0.985 0.635 0.785
 (95 % CI) (0.55–0.95) (0.95–1.02) (0.57–0.71) (0.60–1.03)
P-value 0.020 0.431 < 0.0001 0.078