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Table 3 Summary statistics (standardized regression coefficient b, Z-value and P-value) for the potential predictors correlated with the occurrence of African swine fever in univariate analyses for West and East Africa. For explanation of the variables, see Table 2

From: Regional level risk factors associated with the occurrence of African swine fever in West and East Africa

  West Africa (n = 727) East Africa (n = 217)
Variables b Z-value P-value b Z-value P-value
PreInf 1.64 10.03 < 0.001*** 1.02 3.88 < 0.001***
Pig 0.404 3.97 < 0.001*** -0.026 -0.15 0.880
WarthogC -0.27 -3.62 0.003** -0.24 -2.03 0.043*
BushpigC naa naa naa 0.026 0.189 0.850
RiverhogC 0.363 3.77 0.001* naa naa naa
ForesthogC 0.128 1.453 0.146 0.81 3.04 0.002**
TickRiskMean naa naa naa 2.44 1.47 0.14
TickRisk2 naa naa naa 0.32 0.54 0.59
TickRisk4 naa naa naa 1.99 2.38 0.017*
TickRisk6 naa naa naa 2.33 1.61 0.11
Human 0.384 4.71 < 0.001*** 0.42 1.37 0.170
Road 0.530 4.34 < 0.001*** 0.522 1.12 0.264
Habitat -0.304 -4.00 < 0.001** 0.040 0.293 0.769
MPI 0.044 0.500 0.616 0.311 1.11 0.267
MNN 0.116 1.33 0.184 0.240 1.32 0.186
PDA -0.089 -1.08 0.280 0.308 1.93 0.053
TemMean -0.21 -2.01 0.043* 0.213 0.608 0.543
PreTemMean -0.29 -2.75 0.006** 0.268 0.737 0.461
RainMean 0.34 3.61 0.001*** 0.052 0.346 0.729
PreRainMean 0.19 2.12 0.033* 0.112 0.720 0.472
  1. aThere is no bush pig in West Africa and no red river hog in East Africa. Tick risk was not included in the analyses in West Africa
  2. *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001