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Table 4 Anthropometric characteristics of study participants (N = 2038)

From: Investigations into the association between soil-transmitted helminth infections, haemoglobin and child development indices in Manufahi District, Timor-Leste

Z-score characteristics
Height-for-age (HAZ)a All children 1– < 18 years (N = 983)
n (%)
1– < 5 years (N = 267)
n (%)
5– < 10 years (N = 365)
n (%)
≥ 10 years (N = 351)
n (%)
Mean HAZ (SD)a -2.25 (1.22)a    
Not stunted 391 (40) 105 (39) 164 (45) 122 (35)
Moderately stunted 347 (35) 89 (33) 132 (36) 126 (36)
Severely stunted 245 (25) 73 (27) 69 (19) 103 (29)
Weight-for-age (WAZ)b All children 1– < 10 years (N = 639)
n (%)
1– < 5 years
(N = 268)
n (%)
5– < 10 years (N = 371)
n (%)
Mean WAZ (SD)b -2.19 (1.03)a   
Not underweight 257 (40) 124 (46) 133 (36)
Moderately underweight 253 (40) 108 (40) 145 (39)
Severely underweight 129 (20) 36 (13) 93 (25)
BMI-for-age (BMIZ)a All children 1– < 18 years (N = 985)
n (%)
1– < 5 years (N = 266)
n (%)
5– < 10 years (N = 369)
n (%)
≥ 10 years (N = 350)
n (%)
Mean BMIZ (SD)a -1.19 (1.03)a    
Not wasted 796 (81) 242 (91) 308 (84) 246 (70)
Moderately wasted 145 (15) 20 (7.5) 47 (13) 78 (22)
Severely wasted 44 (4.5) 4 (1.5) 14 (3.8) 26 (7.4)
  1. Abbreviations: HAZ height-for-age, WAZ weight-for-age, BMIZ BMI-for-age, SD standard deviation
  2. aHAZ (stunting) and BMI (wasting) calculated for individuals 12 months to < 18 years of age
  3. bWAZ (as indicator of underweight) only calculated for individuals 12 months to 10 years of age