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Table 1 Results from molecular blood meal analyses based on the cytochrome c oxidase I (cox1) and the cytochrome b (cytb) genes for Culicoides species in North America

From: Picky eaters are rare: DNA-based blood meal analysis of Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) species from the United States

    Mammals          Birds  
Culicoides species State n Cattle Dog Goat Donkey Horse Black-tailed Jackrabbit Black-tailed deer White-tailed deer Sheep Swine Emu House finch
C. biguttatus New York 9         9     
C. crepuscularis California 1             1
C. reevesi California 1        1      
C. stellifer New York 4         4     
C. utahensis California 1        1      
C. variipennis species complex
C. occidentalis California 120 14 9 1 1 14 7 51   18 1 4  
C. variipennis complexa California/
South Carolina
63 17 2   1 8 4 21   6 2 2  
Total   199 31 11 1 2 22 11 74 13 24 3 6 1
  1. a Culicoides variipennis complex includes individuals morphologically identified as belonging to the C. variipennis species complex, but precise species identification could not be made because no genetic data were available or they grouped in cluster B or C in the neighbor-joining tree (Fig. 1)
  2. Presented in the table are Culicoides species, the state where collected, sample size (n), number of host species identifications from blood meals. The host species are: black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus); black-tailed jackrabbit (Lepus californicus); cattle (Bos taurus); domestic dog (Canis familiaris); domestic goat (Capra hircus); domestic sheep (Ovis aries); donkey (Equus asinus); horse (Equus. caballus); swine (Sus scofa); white-tailed deer (O. virginianus); emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae); house finch (Haemorhous mexicanus)