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Table 4 Prevalence and Giardia duodenalis assemblages and subtypes reported in animals from Africa

From: Cryptosporidium and Giardia in Africa: current and future challenges

Country Animal type Patient group Prevalencea
(No. positive/No. tested)
Giardia duodenalis assemblage (Prevalence in %)b Subassemblage Reference
Central African Republic Wildlife Wild western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) 2.0% (4/210) A (100) AII [122]
  Domestic Goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) 11.1% (1/9) E (100)   
Côte d’Ivoire Domestic Dog (Canis familiaris) 54.5% (6/11) A (33.3)   [106]
     A + B (16.7)   
     C (33.3)   
     D (33.3)   
   Goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) 50% (1/2) A + B (100)   
   Duck (Cairina moschata) 33.3% (1/3) A + B (100)   
   Chicken (Gallus gallus) 58.1% (18/31) A (38.9)   
     B (38.9)   
     A + B (22.2)   
Egypt Domestic Cattle (Bos taurus) 6.7% (40/593) A (15.4) AI; AII [80]
     E (82.7)   
     A/E (1.9)   
   Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) 4.7% (10/211) A (20.0)   
   Both cattle and buffalo 53.2% (424/804) by RT-PCR E (80.0)   
Egypt Domestic Cattle (Bos taurus) 8.7% (4/46) E (100)   [169]
Egypt Domestic Calves (Bos taurus) 30.8% (25/58) A (20.0)   [175]
     E (80.0)   
Egypt Wild and cultured Fish (Tilapia nilotica; Mugil cephalus) 3.3% (3/92) A (100)   [171]
Ghana Wildlife Colobus monkey (Colobus vellerosus) 69.2% (74/107) B (100)   [189]
Rwanda Wildlife Mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei) 8.5% (11/130) B (100) BIVc; BIII [124]
  Domestic Cattle (Bos taurus) 5.9% (8/135) E (100)   
Tanzania Domestic Zebus cattle (Bos primigenius indicus) 21.1% (4/19) A (75.0) BIV [123]
     B (25.0)   
   Goats (Capra aegagrus hircus) 22.0% (9/41) E (66.7) BIV  
     B (22.2)   
     A (11.1)   
Uganda Wildlife Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla beringei) 2.0% (2/100) A (100)   [163]
  Domestic Cattle (Bos taurus) 10.0% (5/50) A (100.0)   
Uganda Wildlife Red colobus (Procolobus badius tephrosceles) 11.1% AII   [120]
     BIV   
     E   
  Domestic Livestock (cattle, Bos taurus and Bos indicus, n = 25; goats, Capra aegagrus hircus, n = 57; and sheep, Ovis aries, n = 7) 12.4% E   
  1. aPrevalence (percentage of number positive out of the total number of animal species tested)
  2. bPrevalence (percentage of species identified out of the total number of species genotyped per animal)
  3. cDominant subassemblage