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Table 5 Prevalence and Cryptosporidium species and subtypes reported from domesticated animals and wildlife in Africa

From: Cryptosporidium and Giardia in Africa: current and future challenges

Country Animal type Animal species Reported prevalencea
(No. positive/No. tested)
Species (Prevalence in %)b gp60 subtypes Reference
Algeria Domesticated Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) 44.6% (25/57) C. meleagridis (100) IIIgA18G4R1; IIIgA19G5R1; IIIgA20G4R1; IIIgA21G3R1c; IIIgA24G3R1; IIIgA26G2R1 [93]
   Chickens (Gallus domesticus) 34.4% (31/90) C. meleagridis (83.9) IIIgA18G4R1; IIIgA19G5R1c; IIIgA21G3R1; IIIgA24G2R1; IIIgA26G3R1c  
     C. baileyi (16.1)   
Algeria Domesticated Horse (Equus caballus) 2.9% (4/138) C. erinacei (100) XIIIaA22R9 [94]
Algeria Domesticated Horse (Equus caballus) 2.3% (5/219) C. parvum (60.0) IIaA16G1R1c [100]
     C. hominis (20.0) IkA15G1  
     C. muris RN66 (20.0)   
   Donkey (Equus africanus asinus) 1.6% (2/124) C. parvum (50.0) IIaA16G1R1  
     C. muris TS03 (50.0)   
Central Africa Republic Wildlife Wild western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) 0.5% (1/201) C. bovis (100)   [122]
   African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) 5.0% (1/20) C. muris TS03 (100)   
Côte d’Ivoire Domestic Chicken (Gallus gallus) 16.1% (5/31) C. meleagridis (80.0)   [106]
     C. parvum (20.0)   
Egypt Domesticated Duck (Anas platyrhynchos) 39.9% (365/915) C. meleagridis (100)   [353]
Egypt Domesticated Cattle (Bos taurus) and buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) Cattle: 31.2% (185/593); Buffalo: 35.5% (75/211) C. parvum (65.7) IIaA15G1R1; IIdA19G1; IIdA20G1c [26]
     C. ryanae (11.8)   
     C. bovis (4.1)   
     C. parvum + C. ryanae (11.2)   
     C. parvum + C. bovis (5.3)   
     C. parvum + C. andersoni (1.8%)   
Egypt Domestic Cattle (Bos taurus) 10.2% (49/480) C. parvum (100) IIdA20G1 [108]
   Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) 12.3% (38/310) C. parvum (100) IIdA20G1  
Egypt Domestic Cattle (Bos taurus) 13.6% (269/1974) C. parvum (43.5) IIdA20G1; IIaA15G1R1c; IIaA14G1R1r1b [112]
     C. andersoni (10.1)   
     C. bovis (10.1)   
     C. ryanae (18.8)   
     Mixed species (17.4)   
Egypt Domestic Water buffalo calves (Bubalus bubalis) 9.5% (17/179) C. parvum (41.2) IIdA20Gc; IIaA15G1R1 [111]
     C. ryanae (58.8)   
Egypt Domestic Calves (Bos taurus) 30.2% (29/96) C. parvum (92.3) IIdA20G1c; IIaA15G2R1 [110]
     C. andersoni (7.7)   
Egypt   Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) 1.3% (6/466) C. parvum (33.3) IIdA20G1; IIaA15G1R1 [113]
     C. ryanae (66.7)   
   Cattle (Bos taurus) 6.9% (31/450) C. parvum (74.2) IIdA20G1c; IIaA15G1R1  
     C. ryanae (16.1)   
     C. bovis (9.7)   
   Sheep (Ovis aries) 2.5% (3/120) C. xiaoi (100)   
Egypt Domestic Cattle (Bos taurus) 10.2% (49/480) C. parvum (100) IIdA20G1 [108]
   Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) 12.3% (38/310) C. parvum (100) IIdA20G1  
Ethiopia   Calves (Bos taurus) 15.8% (71/449) C. andersoni (76.1)   [354]
     C. bovis (19.7)   
     C. ryanae (4.2)   
Kenya Domestic Calves and cattle (Bos taurus) 7.7% (134/1734) C. parvum-like (68.0)   [355]
     C. ryanae (16.0)   
     C. andersoni (12.0)   
     C. hominis (4.0)   
Kenya Domestic Cattle (Bos taurus) Not reported Cryptosporidium deer-like genotype (100)   [177]
Kenya Wildlife Olive baboon (Papio anubis) 2.6% (6/235) C. hominis (100) IbA9G3c; IIfA12G2c; IiA14 [187]
Madagascar Domestic Cattle (Bos taurus) 29.0% (18/62) C. suis (94.4); Cryptosporidium spp. (5.6)   [97]
   Pig (Sus scrofa) 23.5% (4/17) C. parvum (75.0); C. suis (25.0%)   
   Rodents 33.3% (16/48) Rat genotype III (31.0); Rat genotype IV (6.3); C. meleagridis (43.8); C. suis (6.3); Unknown (12.5)   
   Dog (Canis lupus) 100% (1/1) C. canis (100)   
  Wildlife Lemur 4.0% (1/25) C. hominis (100)   
Nigeria Domestic Calves (Bos taurus) 52.3% (34/65) C. bovis (52.9); C. ryanae (14.7); C. bovis and C. ryanae (32.4)   [356]
Nigeria Domestic Calves (Bos taurus) 16.0% (31/194) C. bovis (45.2); C. ryanae (25.8); C. andersoni (16.1); C. bovis + C. ryanae (9.7); C. bovis + C. andersoni (3.2)   [85]
Rwanda Wildlife Mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) 4.0% (4/100) C. muris (50); C. meleagridis (50.0)   [182]
South Africa Domestic Calves (Bos taurus) 0.6% (2/352) C. parvum (50.0); C. bovis (50.0)   [154]
South Africa Domestic Calves (Bos taurus) 8.0% (4/51) C. andersoni (50.0); C. bovis (50.0)   [90]
  Wildlife African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) 2.8% (2/71) C. ubiquitum (50.0); C. bovis (50.0)   
   Impala (Aepyceros melampus) 2.8% (2/71) C. ubiquitum (100)   
Tanzania Wildlife Baboons (Papio spp.) 10.6% (5/47) C. hominis (100) IfA12G2 [102]
   Chimpanzees (Pan spp.) 19.0% (16/84) C. hominis (68.8); C. suis (25.0); C. suis and C. hominis (6.2) IfA12G2  
  Domestic Sheep (Ovis aries) 22.2% (2/9) C. xiaoi (100)   
   Goats (Capra aegagrus hircus) 13.9% (5/56) C. xiaoi (100)   
Tunisia Domestic Calves (Bos taurus) 21.4% (15/70) C. parvum (100) IIaA15G2R1c; IIaA16G2R1; IIaA13G2R1; IIaA20G3R1; IIdA16G1 [114]
Tunisia Domestic Sheep (Ovis aries) 11.2% (10/89) C. bovis (100)   [178]
   Chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) 4.5% (9/200) C. meleagridis (100)   
Tunisia Domestic Calves (Bos taurus) 86.7% (26/30) C. parvum (100)   [174]
Uganda Wildlife Black-and-white colobus (Colobus guereza;) 3.4% (1/29) C. parvum (100)   [107]
   Red colobus (Procolobus rufomitratus) 26.7% (8/30) C. parvum (75.0%); C. parvum/C. hominis/C. cuniculus (25.0)   
  Domestic Goats (Capra aegagrus hircus) 3.5% (2/57) C. parvum (100)   
Uganda Wildlife Free-ranging mountain gorilla (Gorilla gorilla beringei) 4.0% (4/100) C. parvum (100)   [104]
Zambia Domestic Calves (Bos taurus) 34.0% (70/207) C. parvum (61.9)   [118]
     C. bovis (33.3)   
     Cryptosporidium deer-like genotype (4.8)   
Zambia   Goat kid (Capra aegagrushircus) 4.8% (5/105) C. parvum (100)   [117]
   Lamb (Ovis aries) 12.5% (19/152) C. parvum (83.3)   
     C. suis (16.7)   
Zambia   Calves (Bos taurus) 19.2% (142/744) C. parvum (64.4)   [116]
     C. bovis (33.3)   
     C. suis (2.2)   
  1. aPrevalence (percentage of number positive out of the total number of animal species tested)
  2. bPrevalence (percentage of species identified out of the total number of species genotyped per animal)
  3. cDominant gp60 subtype