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Table 3 Environmental parameters tested using PERMANOVA based on distance matrices (adonis():’vegan’ package (Oksanen et al. [54])

From: Landscape structure affects distribution of potential disease vectors (Diptera: Culicidae)

Environmental parameters df Sums of squares Mean squares F R 2 Pr(>F)
Province 2 5.954 297.717 147.173 0.09416 0.001***
CLC3 11 13.981 127.101 62.831 0.22109 0.001***
Danube water level (14 days) 1 0.643 0.64250 31.761 0.01016 0.001***
Air temperature (14 days) 1 0.579 0.57925 28.635 0.00916 0.052
Relative air humidity (14 days) 1 0.541 0.54142 26.765 0.00856 0.035*
Sunshine duration (14 days) 1 0.693 0.69263 34.239 0.01095 0.002**
Amount of precipitation (14 days) 1 0.241 0.24102 11.915 0.00381 0.313
Distance to the nearest wetland 1 0.437 0.43724 21.615 0.00691 0.001***
CLC3: Distance to the nearest wetland 3 1.731 0.57697 28.522 0.02737 0.026*
Residuals 190 38.435 0.20229   0.60781  
Total 212 63.236    100.000  
  1. Asterisks indicate significant effects of certain environmental parameters (*, P< 0.05; **, P < 0.01; ***, P < 0.001)