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Table 4 Toxicity of Zanthoxylum piperitum bark constituents and temephos to third-instar larvae from wild YS-CP colony of Culex pipiens pallens during a 24 h exposure

From: Larvicidal activity of lignans and alkaloid identified in Zanthoxylum piperitum bark toward insecticide-susceptible and wild Culex pipiens pallens and Aedes aegypti

Compound n a Slope ± SE LC50, mg/l (95% CIb) LC90, mg/l (95% CIb) χ 2c P-value
XDA (2)d 300 1.9 ± 0.21 0.31 (0.26–0.38) 1.39 (1.03–2.13) 6.23 0.937
Pellitorine (3) 300 2.1 ± 0.29 1.42 (1.17–1.80) 5.46 (3.71–10.29) 1.81 0.997
Sesamin (4) 300 2.3 ± 0.24 12.64 (10.48–14.90) 45.73 (36.14–63.54) 5.96 0.947
Asarinin (1) 240 5.5 ± 0.67 33.80 (31.30–36.47) 57.67 (51.01–69.59) 4.41 0.927
Temephos 360 4.1 ± 0.34 0.149 (0.133–0.166) 0.307 (0.271–0.358) 6.90 0.975
  1. aNumber of larvae tested
  2. bCI denotes confidence interval
  3. cPearson’s chi-square goodness-of-fit test
  4. dXanthoxylol-γ,γ-dimethylallylether