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Table 5 Toxicity of Zanthoxylum piperitum bark constituents and temephos to third-instar larvae of Aedes aegypti during a 24 h exposure

From: Larvicidal activity of lignans and alkaloid identified in Zanthoxylum piperitum bark toward insecticide-susceptible and wild Culex pipiens pallens and Aedes aegypti

Compound n a Slope ± SE LC50, mg/l (95% CIb) LC90, mg/l (95% CIb) χ 2c P-value
XDA (2)d 300 1.8 ± 0.17 0.24 (0.20–0.30) 1.29 (0.95–1.97) 6.37 0.983
Pellitorine (3) 240 2.6 ± 0.30 0.98 (0.84–1.16) 2.98 (2.30–4.36) 3.49 0.967
Sesamin (4) 240 2.4 ± 0.25 23.98 (20.48–28.33) 82.75 (63.03–122.72) 2.66 0.998
Asarinin (1) 300 7.5 ± 0.79 28.15 (26.25–29.95) 41.60 (38.51–46.18) 2.07 0.995
Temephos 240 1.6 ± 0.38 0.009 (0.007–0.012) 0.062 (0.032–0.373) 1.48 0.999
  1. aNumber of larvae tested
  2. bCI denotes confidence interval
  3. cPearson’s chi-square goodness-of-fit test
  4. dXanthoxylol-γ,γ-dimethylallylether