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Table 4 Difference in wing shapes among 12 blow fly species analysed with canonical variate analysis (CVA)

From: Wing morphometrics as a tool in species identification of forensically important blow flies of Thailand

Species CM CC CP CN CR CV LC LPA LPO LS HL HP
CM 0.0493*** 0.0227*** 0.0404*** 0.0237*** 0.0442*** 0.0730*** 0.0561*** 0.0681*** 0.0366*** 0.0871*** 0.0755***
CC 9.8564*** 0.0362*** 0.0403*** 0.0654*** 0.0329*** 0.0510*** 0.0400*** 0.0417*** 0.0457*** 0.0595*** 0.0536**
CP 4.9507*** 9.2418*** 0.0359*** 0.0380*** 0.0313*** 0.0619*** 0.0451*** 0.0522*** 0.0305*** 0.0734*** 0.0648**
CN 11.4708*** 10.7335*** 10.4253*** 0.0503*** 0.0441*** 0.0660*** 0.0560*** 0.0613*** 0.0469*** 0.0808*** 0.0747**
CR 5.9621*** 10.9845*** 7.1383*** 11.4291*** 0.0578*** 0.0858*** 0.0700*** 0.0820*** 0.0451*** 0.0994*** 0.0874***
CV 7.8729*** 8.4819*** 6.3717*** 8.5035*** 7.4158*** 0.0574*** 0.0447*** 0.0563*** 0.0490*** 0.0674*** 0.0539***
LC 13.5404*** 12.4207*** 12.7527*** 15.8552*** 15.1926*** 14.7910*** 0.0259*** 0.0339*** 0.0520*** 0.0319*** 0.0347**
LPA 12.1571*** 12.7886*** 10.8236*** 15.3404*** 14.0886*** 13.7671*** 8.3257*** 0.0284** 0.0340** 0.0397*** 0.0369*
LPO 12.8250*** 11.5912*** 10.8626*** 14.3585*** 14.7295*** 13.4374*** 8.5241*** 5.6018*** 0.0444*** 0.0344*** 0.0451**
LS 11.0842*** 13.9298*** 10.2695*** 15.3045*** 12.4569*** 13.7332*** 10.5660*** 5.5405*** 8.3450*** 0.0655*** 0.0598**
HL 13.7576*** 13.1727*** 12.2678*** 15.9458*** 15.1906*** 14.7735*** 7.6458*** 7.0393*** 5.5794*** 9.8839*** 0.0276**
HP 12.6284*** 13.3789*** 11.9967** 16.3182*** 14.4229*** 14.6569*** 8.2272** 6.2182** 7.5083** 8.2701** 6.0139***
  1. Mahalanobis distances (bold) and Procrustes distances (narrow)
  2. P-values of all 12 species indicate highly significant differences denoted with asterisks (permutation 10,000 rounds in Morpho J: ***P < 0.0001; **P < 0.01; *P < 0.05).  Abbreviations: CC, Ch. chani; CM, Ch. megacephala; CN, Ch. nigripes; CP, Ch. pinguis; CR, Ch. rufifacies; CV, Ch. villeneuvi; LC, L. cuprina; LPA, L. papuensis; LPO, L. porphyrina; LS, L. sinensis; HL, He. ligurriens; HP, He. pulchra