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Table 1 Parasite contamination index of dog faeces in relation to regions and climate

From: Gastrointestinal parasites of canids, a latent risk to human health in Tunisia

Climate Sub-humid Semi-arid Arid Desertic   Overall contamination index
Locality Kef (N = 36) Kasserine (N = 132) Monastir (N = 95) Sousse (N = 81) Metlaoui (N = 392) Zarzis (N = 129) Djerba (N = 127) Tataouine (N = 103) Douz (N = 175) P-value  
Parasite % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n)   
Toxocara spp. 16.7 (6) 17.4 (23) 30.5 (29) 17.3 (14) 29.3 (115) 17.8 (23) 51.2 (65) 21.3 (22) 26.8 (47) <0.00001 27.2 (344)
Taeniidae 8.3 (3) 18.9 (25) 10.5 (10) 13.6 (11) 44.6 (175) 17.8 (23) 29.1 (37) 14.6 (15) 28.5 (50) <0.00001 27.4 (349)
E. granulosus a 8.3 (3) 18.2 (24) 9.6 (9) 12.3 (10) 41.3 (162) 17.8 (23) 27.6 (35) 14.6 (15) 26.8 (47) <0.00001 25.8 (328)
Trichuris spp. 52.8 (19) 0.7 (1) 20 (19) 16 (13) 0 (0) 2.3 (3) 3.1 (4) 0 (0) 1.1 (2) <0.00001 4.8 (61)
Ancylostoma spp. 5.5 (2) 6.8 (9) 4.2 (4) 8.6 (7) 3.7 (14) 5.4 (7) 5.5 (7) 8.7 (9) 0 (0) 0.0193 4.6 (59)
Capillaria spp. 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.8 (1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.3549 0.1 (1)
Spirocerca spp. 5.5 (2) 0 (0) 1 (1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.0013 0.2 (3)
D. caninum 0 (0) 0.7 (1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.3746 0.1 (1)
Coccidia 38.9 (14) 24.2 (32) 26.3 (25) 4.9 (4) 15.5 (61) 10.1 (13) 8.7 (11) 0.9 (1) 2.8 (5) <0.00001 13.1 (166)
  1. a E. granulosus eggs were identified on biomolecular basis
  2. Abbreviations: N Number of faecal samples analysed, n Number of positive samples, % Percentage of positive samples