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Table 3 Association between presence of mosquito larvae and pupae densities with breeding site type and physicochemical parameters

From: Effect of physicochemical parameters on Anopheles and Culex mosquito larvae abundance in different breeding sites in a rural setting of Muheza, Tanzania

Parameter Anopheles larvae Culex larvae Pupae (Culex and Anopheles)
  OR (95% CI); P-value OR (95% CI); P-value OR (95% CI); P-value
Breeding site type
 (i) Rain water collections 1 1 1
 (ii) Road side water collections and road potholes 0.83 (0.11–6.38); 0.858 2.12 (0.17–26.11); 0.559 0.67 (0.06–7.54); 0.743
 (iii) Rice fields and animal hoof prints 0.68 (0.05–10.0); 0.781 0.18 (0.02–1.68); 0.133 1.2 (0.07–20.56); 0.900
 (iv) Swampy areas 0 .99 (0.17–5.58); 0.988 0 .97 (0.15–6.24); 0.975 1.2 (0.15–9.29); 0.861
 (v) Pond water reservoirs 0.46 (0.04–5.02); 0.528 0.22 (0.03–1.84); 0.161 0.29 (0.03–2.65); 0.270
 (vi) Small ponds and water collections on the sides of the bridges 0 .10 (0.01–1.70); 0.110 0.30 (0.03–3.47); 0.337 0.2 (0.01–3.84); 0.286
Physicochemical parameter
 Salinity (ppm) 7.05 (1.19–41.88); 0.032a 1.22 (0.3–4.93); 0.78 3.51 (0.73–16.83); 0.117
 Temperature (°C) 2.65 (0.59–11.73); 0.197 0.4 (0.11–1.48); 0.17 0.55 (0.12–2.67); 0.456
 Total dissolved solids (ppm) 4.20 (0.71–24.87); 0.113 0.79 (0.2–3.08); 0.73 3.23 (0.66–15.86); 0.149
 Conductivity (μS) 5.47 (1.01–29.67); 0.057a 0.76 (0.2–2.83); 0.68 2.84 (0.62–13.06); 0.180
 pH 0.45 (0.11–1.85); 0.218 0.66 (0.19–2.2); 0.49 0.48 (0.174–1.31); 0.153
  1. Abbreviation: OR odds ratio
  2. a Statistically significant