Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 6 Univariate and multivariate association between pupa densities with physiochemical parameters and breeding site-type

From: Effect of physicochemical parameters on Anopheles and Culex mosquito larvae abundance in different breeding sites in a rural setting of Muheza, Tanzania

Parameter Univariate Multivariate
  Coefficient (95% CI) P-value Coefficient (95% CI) P-value
Breeding type category
 (i) Rain water collections 1   1  
 (ii) Road side water collections and road potholes 0.39 (-1.3–2.09) 0.65 -0.39 (-2.71–1.93) 0.741
 (iii) Rice field and animal hoof prints -1.24 (-2.12 – -0.37) 0.005a -0.98 (-1.85 – -0.12) 0.028a
 (iv)) Swampy areas -1.15 (-2.11 – -0.19) 0.018a -1.28 (-2.06 – -0.50) 0.001a
 (v) Pond water reservoirs -1.89 (-2.68 – -1.09) < 0.001a -1.57 (-2.23 – -0.90) < 0.001a
 (vi) Small ponds and water collection on the sides of the bridges 0.75 (-0.04–1.53) 0.063 -0.07 (-0.43–0.30) 0.712
Physicochemical parameters
 Salinity (ppm) -0.23 (-1.44–0.86) 0.618   
 Temperature (°C) -1.66 (-2.57 – -0.75) < 0.001a -0.69 (-1.44–0.06) < 0.001a
 Total dissolved solids (ppm) -0.72 (-2.12–0.68) 0.312   
 Conductivity (μS) -0.64 (-1.94–0.66) 0.334   
 pH 0.15 (-0.26–0.56) 0.481   
  1. aStatistically significant