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Table 2 Genotypic and kdr allele frequency in populations of An. arabiensis from Ethiopia

From: Mapping insecticide resistance and characterization of resistance mechanisms in Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae) in Ethiopia

Population Insecticide Number assayed Bioassay phenotype Genotype Allele frequency
SS RS RR R S
Chewaka Deltamethrin 20 Survived 3 6 11 0.70 0.30
10 Dead 8 1 1 0.15 0.85
DDT 20 Survived 3 7 10 0.68 0.32
9 Dead 1 7 1 0.50 0.50
Asendabo Deltamethrin 20 Survived 0 1 19 0.98 0.02
9 Dead 5 2 2 0.33 0.67
DDT 20 Survived 1 5 14 0.83 0.17
9 Dead 3 4 2 0.44 0.56
Tolay Deltamethrin 20 Survived 1 0 19 0.95 0.05
10 Dead 4 3 3 0.45 0.55
DDT 20 Survived 1 7 12 0.78 0.22
10 Dead 0 7 3 0.65 0.35
Mankush Deltamethrin 20 Survived 3 2 15 0.80 0.20
8 Dead 2 6 0 0.38 0.62
DDT 19 Survived 2 7 10 0.71 0.29
9 Dead 0 4 5 0.78 0.22
Shellemele Deltamethrin 19 Survived 3 4 12 0.74 0.26
9 Dead 7 2 0 0.11 0.89
DDT 19 Survived 4 7 8 0.61 0.39
10 Dead 4 4 2 0.40 0.60
Sodore Deltamethrin 20 Survived 0 7 13 0.85 0.15
10 Dead 3 7 0 0.35 0.65
DDT 19 Survived 5 5 9 0.61 0.39
5 Dead 0 4 1 0.60 0.40
Goro Deltamethrin 20 Survived 0 0 20 1 0
9 Dead 2 4 3 0.56 0.44
DDT 20 Survived 2 6 12 0.79 0.21
3 Dead 1 2 0 0.33 0.67
Guba Hora Deltamethrin 20 Survived 0 0 20 1 0
8 Dead 0 3 5 0.81 0.19
DDT 18 Survived 0 0 18 1 0
9 Dead 1 2 6 0.77 0.23
  1. Abbreviations: SS homozygous wild type, RS heterozygous, RR homozygous resistant