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Table 1 Reported human-biting behaviour of mosquitoes within literature in the United Kingdom: published literature concerning human-biting mosquitoes, categorised according to biting nuisance reports, blood meal analysis studies and human-baited collections

From: How often do mosquitoes bite humans in southern England? A standardised summer trial at four sites reveals spatial, temporal and site-related variation in biting rates

Mosquito species Published evidence for human-biting behaviour in the UK
Biting nuisance reports Blood meal analysis Human-baited collections
Aedes (Aedes) cinereus (Meigen, 1818)/Aedes (Aedes) geminus (Peus, 1970)a Yes [75] Yes [19, 20] Yes [19, 20, 68]
Aedes (Aedimorphus) vexans (Meigen, 1830) Yes [75]
Anopheles (Anopheles) algeriensis (Theobald, 1903) Yes [76]
Anopheles (Anopheles) claviger (Meigen, 1804) Yes [77, 78] Yes [20]
Anopheles (Anopheles) maculipennis (s.l.)b Yes [3, 75] Yes [79]d
Anopheles (Anopheles) plumbeus (Stephens, 1828) Yes [75] Yes [19, 20] Yes [19, 20, 68]
Coquillettidia (Coquillettidia) richiardii (Ficalbi, 1889) Yes [3] Yes [19, 20, 61] Yes [19, 20, 68]
Culex (Barraudius) modestus (Ficalbi, 1889) Yes [61] Yes [60]e
Culex (Culex) pipiens (L., 1758)c Yes [3, 77, 78] Yes [19, 20]
Culiseta (Culiseta) annulata (Schrank, 1776) Yes [3, 75, 77, 78] Yes [19, 20] Yes [19, 20]
Culiseta (Culicella) litorea (Shute, 1928) Yes [19, 20, 80]
Culiseta (Culicella) morsitans (Theobald, 1901) Yes [19, 20, 80]
Culiseta (Culiseta) subochrea (Edwards, 1921) Yes [3, 75]
Aedes (Dahliana) geniculatus (Olivier, 1791) Yes [75] Yes [20] Yes [19, 20, 68, 81]
Aedes (Ochlerotatus) annulipes (Meigen, 1830) Yes [3] Yes [19]
Aedes (Ochlerotatus) cantans (Meigen, 1818) Yes [3, 77, 78] Yes [19, 20, 61, 82] Yes [19, 20, 68, 82, 83]
Aedes (Ochlerotatus) caspius (Pallas, 1771) Yes [75, 77, 78] Yes [19]
Aedes (Ochlerotatus) detritus (Haliday, 1833) Yes [3, 75, 77, 78] Yes [19, 20, 61] Yes [19, 20, 68]
Aedes (Ochlerotatus) dorsalis (Meigen, 1830) Yes [75] Yes
Aedes (Ochlerotatus) flavescens (Müller, 1764) Yes [75]
Aedes (Ochlerotatus) punctor (Kirby, 1837) Yes [3, 75, 84] Yes [19, 20] Yes [19, 20, 68]
Aedes (Ochlerotatus) rusticus (Rossi, 1790) Yes [77, 78] Yes [19, 20, 68]
  1. aThese species were only recently separated in [39] and therefore are considered together
  2. bStudies that did not delineate An. maculipennis (s.l.) to species level
  3. cEcoforms of Culex pipiens (L., 1758) not separated
  4. dThis study found evidence of human-biting in all three members of An. maculipennis (s.l.)
  5. eNot a host-baited study per se, but an incidental collection of one specimen biting the collector