Skip to main content


Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Fig. 2 | Parasites & Vectors

Fig. 2

From: Stimulation of IL-1β and IL-6 through NF-κB and sonic hedgehog-dependent pathways in mouse astrocytes by excretory/secretory products of fifth-stage larval Angiostrongylus cantonensis

Fig. 2

ESP stimulate the gene expression of Shh signaling pathway. Astrocytes were treated with 500 μg/ml ESP for the indicated time points. The mRNA levels of Shh, Ptch, and Gli-1 were determined in astrocytes by Quantitative real-time PCR. Statistical significance was determined by Student’s t-test: *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001 (n = 3)

Back to article page