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Table 1 Total tick (females, males and nymphs together) abundance (Mean ± SE)

From: Ticks and the city - are there any differences between city parks and natural forests in terms of tick abundance and prevalence of spirochaetes?

Year Seasona Subtypesb/Natural areas Subtypesb/Urban areas Natural + Urban
1/Białowieża South-West 1/Białowieża North-West 2/Białowieża Palace Park Mean Natural 1/Warsaw Bielański Forest 1/Warsaw Kabacki Forest 2/Warsaw Łazienki Park Mean Urban Mean
2012 1 47.7 ± 3.3 26.8 ± 4.9 12.6 ± 4.4 33.3 ± 2.8 7.2 ± 3.1 7.8 ± 3.1 nd 7.5 ± 2.7 20.4 ± 2
2 5.4 ± 5.7 5.0 ± 5.7 0.4 ± 5.7 3.6 ± 4.0 7.7 ± 2.9 1.6 ± 3.3 nd 5.1 ± 2.6 4.4 ± 2.4
Mean 26.5 ± 3.3 15.9 ± 3.8 6.5 ± 3.6 18.5 ± 2.5 7.5 ± 2.1 4.7 ± 2.3 nd 6.3 ± 1.9 12.4 ± 1.6
2013 1 8.0 ± 4.4 7.4 ± 4.4 2.8 ± 4.4 6.1 ± 3.1 25.5 ± 3.0 12.5 ± 3.1 12.5 ± 3.0 17.0 ± 2.1 11.6 ± 1.9
2 10.1 ± 7.0 5.1 ± 7.0 3.0 ± 7.0 6.0 ± 4.9 12.2 ± 2.8 9.0 ± 2.9 5.0 ± 2.9 8.8 ± 2.0 7.4 ± 2.7
Mean 9.1 ± 4.1 6.2 ± 4.1 2.9 ± 4.1 6.1 ± 2.9 18.9 ± 2.1 10.8 ± 2.1 8.7 ± 2.1 12.9 ± 1.5 9.5 ± 1.6
2014 1 33.0 ± 4.9 28.0 ± 4.9 9.3 ± 4.9 23.5 ± 3.5 10.7 ± 3.0 7.0 ± 3.0 10.5 ± 3.1 9.4 ± 2.1 16.4 ± 2.1
2 7.0 ± 4.9 1.8 ± 4.9 2.0 ± 7.0 3.9 ± 3.8 10.9 ± 3.1 5.7 ± 3.1 2.5 ± 3.5 6.7 ± 2.3 5.3 ± 2.2
Mean 20.0 ± 3.5 14.9 ± 3.5 5.7 ± 4.3 13.7 ± 2.6 10.8 ± 2.2 6.4 ± 2.2 6.5 ± 2.4 8.0 ± 1.6 10.9 ± 1.5
2015 1 86.1 ± 7.0 40.0 ± 7.0 8.6 ± 7.0 44.9 ± 4.9 20.4 ± 2.8 10.6 ± 2.9 12.8 ± 3.5 15.0 ± 2.1 29.9 ± 2.7
2 20.0 ± 7.0 10.0 ± 7.0 2.5 ± 7.0 10.9 ± 4.9 17.5 ± 4.9 10.3 ± 4.9 3.1 ± 5.7 11.0 ± 3.6 10.9 ± 3.1
Mean 53.0 ± 4.9 25.0 ± 4.9 5.5 ± 4.9 27.9 ± 3.5 19.0 ± 2.9 10.5 ± 2.9 7.9 ± 3.4 13.0 ± 2.1 20.4 ± 2
4-year mean 1 43.7 ± 2.6 25.6 ± 2.7 8.3 ± 2.7 26.9 ± 1.9 15.9 ± 1.5 9.5 ± 1.5 12.0 ± 1.9 12.2 ± 1.2 19.6 ± 1.1
2 10.6 ± 3.1 5.5 ± 3.1 2.0 ± 3.4 6.1 ± 2.2 12.1 ± 1.8 6.7 ± 1.9 3.5 ± 2.5 7.9 ± 1.4 7.0 ± 1.3
Mean 27.2 ± 2.0 15.5 ± 2.1 5.2 ± 2.2 16.5 ± 1.5 14.0 ± 1.2 8.1 ± 1.2 7.7 ± 1.6 10.1 ± 0.9 13.3 ± 0.9
  1. Abbreviation: nd no data
  2. aSeason codes: 1, spring-early summer; 2, late summer-autumn
  3. bSubtype codes: 1, forest; 2, park
  4. GLM statistics is provided in Additional file 4: Table S4