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Table 2 Prevalence of Borreliella spp. and B. miyamotoi in I. ricinus ticks in urban and natural sites (2013-2015). HILOGLINEAR statistics provided in Additional file 4: Table S4

From: Ticks and the city - are there any differences between city parks and natural forests in terms of tick abundance and prevalence of spirochaetes?

Year    2013 2014 2015 Total, all years
Site Subtype/Type of area Total Adults Nymphs Total Adults Nymphs Total Adults Nymphs Total Adults Nymphs
Warsaw Bielański Forest 1 Urban 4.2 (26/633) 10.7 (14/132) 2.4 (12/501) 15.1 (48/319) 16.8 (43/257) 8.1 (5/62) 11.5 (20/174) 17.6 (13/74) 7.0 (7/100) 8.4 (94/1126) 15.2 (70/463) 3.7 (24/663)
Warsaw Kabacki Forest 1   6.5 (22/339) 15.9 (20/126) 1.0 (2/213) 15.6 (20/129) 17.9 (18/101) 7.2 (2/28) 15.0 (27/180) 26.3 (21/80) 6.0 (6/100) 10.7 (69/648) 19.3 (59/307) 3.0 (10/341)
Warsaw Łazienki Park 2   17.7 (47/266) 28.8 (46/160) 1.0 (1/106) 13.6 (16/118) 15.4 (15/98) 5.0 (1/20) 20.2 (22/109) 25.4 (21/83) 3.9 (1/26) 17.3 (85/493) 24.1 (82/341) 2.0 (3/152)
Total urban 1 + 2   7.7 (6.2–9.4) 19.1 (14.6–24.7) 1.8 (1.0–3.2) 14.8 (12.6–17.3) 16.7 (12.2–22.2) 7.3 (4.3–12.0) 14.9 (10.7–20.3) 23.2 (19.4–27.4) 6.2 (4.3–8.8) 10.9 (9.7–12.2) 19.0 (16.7–21.3) 3.2 (2.3–4.4)
Total natural 1 + 2 Natural 7.6 (3.9–14.0) 13.4 (7.3–23.0) 3.8 (1.7–7.5) 15.6 (11.8–20.4) 21.1 (17.2–25.5) 1.9 (0.6–5.1) 10.2 (5.7–17.1) 17.2 (9.3–29.1) 3.3 (0.6–11.9) 12.4 (10.1–15.1) 19.1 (14.5–24.7) 3.0 (1.6–5.4)
Białowieża North-West 1   6.8 (4/59) 12.2 (4/33) 0 (0/26) 18.4 (27/147) 22.5 (26/116) 3.3 (1/31) 6.4 (3/47) 8.2 (3/37) 0 (0/10) 13.5 (34/253) 17.8 (33/186) 1.5 (1/67)
Białowieża South-West 1   7.0 (6/86) 14.3 (3/21) 4.7 (3/65) 13.0 (24/186) 19.2 (23/120) 1.6 (1/66) 8.2 (9/110) 18.2 (6/33) 3.9 (3/77) 10.3 (39/382) 18.4 (32/174) 3.4 (7/208)
Białowieża Palace Park 2   11.2 (3/27) 15.4 (2/13) 7.2 (1/14) 18.2 (8/44) 23.6 (8/34) 0 (0/10) 30.0 (6/20) 35.3 (6/17) 0 (0/3) 18.7 (17/91) 25.0 (16/64) 3.8 (1/27)
WBF + WKF + BNW + BSW 1 Forests 5.2 (3.9–6.7) 13.1 (9.9–17.2) 2.1 (1.2–3.6) 15.2 (12.7–18.2) 18.5 (16.0–21.3) 4.8 (2.0–10.8) 11.5 (9.7–13.7) 19.2 (15.8–23.1) 5.6 (3.6–8.4) 9.8 (8.6–11.0) 17.2 (15.0–19.4) 3.3 (2.3–4.4)
WLP + BPP 2 Parks 17.1 (13.4–21.4) 27.7 (20.3–36.5) 1.7 (0.5–5.0) 14.8 (9.4–22.2) 17.4 (12.1–24.3) 3.3 (0.2–17.7) 21.7 (15.9–28.8) 27.0 (18.9–36.5) 3.4 (0.2–16.9) 17.5 (15.1–20.2) 24.2 (19.3–29.9) 2.2 (0.5–7.1)
Total    7.7 (14.7–22.6) 18.4 (13.5–24.3) 2.1 (1.1–3.6) 15.2 (12.3–18.4) 18.1 (15.6–21.4) 4.6 (3.0–6.9) 13.6 (11.4–16.2) 21.6 (17.4–26.4) 5.4 (3.4–8.4) 11.3 (10.2–12.4) 19.0 (17.0–21.0) 3.2 (2.3–4.2)
  1. Prevalence % (no. positive/no. tested; or 95% CI for total urban, total natural, forests, parks and total)
  2. Nymphs: Minimum Infection Rate (MIR) is given