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Table 3 Geographical distribution of four Wolbachia clades isolated from Culicoides spp.

From: First detection of Wolbachia-infected Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in Europe: Wolbachia and Cardinium infection across Culicoides communities revealed in Spain

NUTS2 Site Culicoides spp. III-WA IV-WA I-WB II-WB
Andalucía Total   1 3 9 0
Almoraima C. imicola 1 2 1  
  C. pulicaris (s.l.)   1 7  
Santa Clara C. imicola    1  
Asturias Total   0 0 0 3
  Proaza C. obsoletus (s.s.)     2
  C. pulicaris (s.l.)     1
Castilla la Mancha Total   0 0 1 4
Quintos de Mora C. pulicaris (s.l.)    1 4
Catalonia Total   0 0 2 0
Aramunt C. vexans    1  
Susqueda C. kibunensis    1  
Total    1 3 12 7
  1. Abbreviations: III-WA clade III-Wolbachia supergroup A; IV-WA clade IV-Wolbachia supergroup A; I-WB clade I-Wolbachia supergroup B; II-WB clade II-Wolbachia supergroup B