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Table 2 ELISA, ICTs and nPCR results of Babesia bovis and Babesia bigemina in all sampling locations

From: Molecular and serological detection of bovine babesiosis in Indonesia

Sampling location No. of samples No. positive (%)
B. bovis B. bigemina Mixed infection
bovELISA bovICT dual-ICT nPCR bigELISA bigICT dual-ICT nPCR bov/big-ELISA bov/big-ICT dual-ICT nPCR
Karawang 21 18 (85.7) 17 (81.0) 17 (81.0) 7 (33.3) 9 (42.9) 8 (38.1) 8 (38.1) 2 (9.5) 9 (42.9) 8 (38.1) 8 (38.1) 1 (4.8)
Tangerang 18 16 (88.9) 13 (72.2) 14 (77.8) 11 (61.1) 15 (83.3) 14 (77.8) 12 (66.7) 1 (5.6) 14 (77.8) 11 (61.1) 10 (55.6) 0 (0.0)
Bogor 16 13 (81.3) 10 (62.5) 11 (68.8) 7 (43.8) 13 (81.3) 10 (62.5) 10 (62.5) 2 (12.5) 10 (62.5) 6 (37.5) 7 (43.8) 2 (12.5)
Indramayu 10 4 (40.0) 4 (40.0) 4 (40.0) 2 (20.0) 4 (40.0) 4 (40.0) 3 (30.0) 2 (20.0) 2 (20.0) 2 (20.0) 2 (20.0) 0 (0.0)
Padang Mangateh 60 59 (98.3) 51 (85.0) 51 (85.0) 13 (21.7) 26 (43.3) 25 (41.7) 25 (41.7) 28 (46.7) 26 (43.3) 21 (35.0) 21 (35.0) 6 (10.0)
Dompu 17 16 (94.1) 15 (88.2) 15 (88.2) 3 (17.6) 10 (58.8) 10 (58.8) 11 (64.7) 3 (17.6) 10 (58.8) 9 (52.9) 10 (58.8) 1 (5.9)
Lombok Timur 16 9 (56.3) 8 (50.0) 8 (50.0) 14 (87.5) 1 (6.3) 2 (12.5) 2 (12.5) 6 (37.5) 1 (6.3) 2 (12.5) 2 (12.5) 5 (31.3)
Kupang 19 17 (89.5) 18 (94.7) 17 (89.5) 17 (89.5) 2 (10.5) 3 (15.8) 3 (15.8) 5 (26.3) 2 (10.5) 3(15.8) 3 (15.8) 4 (21.1)
Manggarai Timur 19 19 (100) 19 (100) 19 (100) 18 (94.7) 7 (36.8) 7 (36.8) 7 (36.8) 7 (36.8) 7 (36.8) 7 (36.8) 7 (36.8) 7 (36.8)
Malaka 17 17 (100) 17 (100) 17 (100) 14 (82.4) 7 (41.2) 8 (47.1) 8 (47.1) 6 (35.3) 7 (41.2) 8 (47.1) 8 (47.1) 5 (29.4)
Tabalong 60 50 (83.3) 47 (78.3) 40 (66.7) 30 (50.0) 14 (23.3) 11 (18.3) 8 (13.3) 6 (10.0) 13 (21.7) 10 (16.7) 6 (10.0) 5 (8.3)
Mandailing Natal 32 29 (90.6) 27 (84.4) 27 (84.4) 14 (43.8) 9 (28.1) 10 (31.3) 10 (31.3) 12 (37.5) 9 (28.1) 9 (28.1) 9 (28.1) 8 (25.0)
Tapanuli Selatan 28 27 (96.4) 24 (85.7) 23 (82.1) 14 (50.0) 9 (32.1) 11 (39.3) 11 (39.3) 5 (17.9) 8 (28.6) 10 (35.7) 9 (32.1) 3 (10.7)
Bulukumba 74 38 (51.4) 42 (56.8) 39 (52.7) 51 (68.9) 8 (10.8) 7 (9.5) 8 (10.8) 6 (8.1) 7 (9.5) 7 (9.5) 7 (9.5) 5 (6.8)
Lamongan 40 4 (10.0) 2 (5.0) 2 (5.0) 18 (45.0) 0 0 1 (2.5) 1 (2.5) 0 0 0 0 (0.0)
Jombang 40 4 (10.0) 3 (7.5) 3 (7.5) 14 (35.0) 0 0 0 1 (2.5) 0 0 0 0 (0.0)
Total 487 340 (69.8) 317 (65.1) 307 (63.0) 247 (50.7) 134 (27.5) 130 (26.7) 127 (26.1) 93 (19.1) 125 (25.7) 113 (23.2) 109 (22.4) 52 (10.7)