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Table 2 Effects of the height of the larval rearing trays in units on pupal production and larval survival

From: Establishment of a medium-scale mosquito facility: optimization of the larval mass-rearing unit for Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae)

Unit Layers of unit Water temp (°C) 34 h (Mean ± SE)
PP M% Larval survival (%)a
Wol-unit Top 26.7 ± 0.2 3399 ± 101 a 76.9 ± 1.6 a 99.3 ± 1.9 a
Middle 26.4 ± 0.2 3247 ± 137 a 77.2 ± 2.0 a 98.5 ± 1.3 a
Bottom 26.2 ± 0.1 2873 ± 219 a 79.2 ± 2.4 a 98.3 ± 0.8 a
IAEA-unit Top 28.4 ± 0.2 10,390 ± 704 A 73.5 ± 0.7 A 98.3 ± 0.4 A
Middle 27.4 ± 0.3 9407 ± 552 A 75.0 ± 1.3 A 96.9 ± 3.5 A
Bottom 27.7 ± 0.3 9100 ± 847 A 74.5 ± 1.7 A 96.6 ± 0.5 A
  1. aLarval survival was calculated as: (Total number of pupae collected + Residual number of larvae after sex separation) / (Estimated number of larvae per tray)
  2. Note: Within each column, values followed by different lowercase or capital letters were statistically different using ANOVA analysis and Tukey post-hoc test (P < 0.05)
  3. Abbreviations: PP pupae production, M% percentage of male pupae in PP