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Table 3 Lists of species of hard ticks (Ixodidae) and their bird hosts known to occur in Taiwan

From: Tick-borne pathogens in ticks collected from birds in Taiwan

Tick species Avian host species Source
Genus Amblyomma
Amblyomma spp. Turnix suscitator [51]; this study
Genus Dermacentor
Dermacentor taiwanensis Bambusicola thoracica [47]
Genus Haemaphysalis
Haemaphysalis bispinosa Gallus gallus [46]
Haemaphysalis doenitzi Bambusicola thoracica; Centropus bengalensis; Psilopogon nuchalis; Sinosuthora webbiana; Phasianus colchicus; Pomatorhinus musicus; Zoothera dauma c [52]; this study
Haemaphysalis flava b Turdus pallidus c This study
Haemaphysalis formosensis b Turdus hortulorum c; Z. dauma c This study
Haemaphysalis hystricis b Pomatorhinus musicus; Z. dauma c This study
Haemaphysalis mageshimaensis Hypsipetes amaurotis; Zosterops japonicus [44]
Haemaphysalis ornithophila Arborophila crudigularis; Lophura swinhoii; T. pallidus c; Z. dauma c [43, 45, 46]; this study
Haemaphysalis wellingtoni a Centropus sinensis This study
Haemaphysalis yeni C. bengalensis [48]
Haemaphysalis spp. Alcippe morrisonia; C. bengalensis; Otus spilocephalus; Parus monticolus; P. colchicus; Turnix suscitator; Z. dauma c This study
Genus Ixodes
Ixodes columnae a A. morrisonia; Horornis acanthizoides; Emberiza spodocephala c; Ficedula hyperythra; L. swinhoii; S. webbiana; Tarsiger indicus; T. pallidus c; Yuhina brunneiceps This study
Ixodes granulatus b E. spodocephala c; T. pallidus c This study
Ixodes kuntzi Sitta europaea [41, 42, 46]
Ixodes nipponensis b Phylloscopus fuscatus c This study
Ixodes turdus a Anthus hodgsoni c; Prinia inornata; Turdus chrysolaus c; T. pallidus c This study
Ixodes spp. Tarsiger johnstoniae; Locustella alishanensis; Cyanoderma ruficeps; T. pallidus c This study
Genus Rhipicephalus
Rhipicephalus haemaphysaloides b T. chrysolaus c This study
  1. aNewly recorded species in Taiwan
  2. bFirst record on birds in Taiwan
  3. cMigratory species