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Table 2 Included studies of microsporidia infection in people with HIV listed in order of year published

From: Prevalence of Cryptosporidium, microsporidia and Isospora infection in HIV-infected people: a global systematic review and meta-analysis

  Country Income level Patients with diarrhea No. of patients Prevalence (%) Quality score
Western and central Europe and North America
Weber et al. (1992) [131] USA High Mixed 134 4.5 2
Kotler et al. (1994) [132] USA High Mixed 194 28.9 3
Anwar-Bruni et al. (1996) [36] USA High Mixed 371 5.9 4
Coyle et al. (1996) [133] USA High Mixed 111 27.9 3
Mathewson et al. (1998) [42] USA High Yes 83 6.0 2
Brandonisio et al. (1999) [38] Italy High Mixed 154 4.5 3
Ferreira et al. (2001) [134] Portugal High Yes 215 42..8 4
Lagrange-Xelot et al. (2008) [27] France High Mixed 6827 0.8 1
Sub-Saharan Africa
van Gool et al. (1995) [135] Zimbabwe Low Yes 129 10.1 2
Maiga et al. (1997) [24] Mali Low Mixed 77 32.5 1
Mwachari et al. (1998) [62] Kenya Middle Yes 36 2.8 2
Cegielski et al. (1999) [64] Tanzania Low Yes 86 3.5 2
Gumbo et al. (1999) [31] Zimbabwe Low Yes 55 50.9 2
Lebbad et al. (2001) [65] Guinea-Bissau Low Yes 37 8.1 2
Endeshaw et al. (2005) [136] Ethiopia Low Yes 80 22.5 1
Tumwine et al. (2005) [28] Uganda Low Yes 91 76.9 2
Endeshaw et al. (2006) [137] Ethiopia Low Yes 214 18.2 3
Sarfati et al. (2006) [69] Cameroon Middle Mixed 154 5.2 3
Breton et al. (2007) [138] Gabon Middle na 822 3.0 4
Breton et al. (2007) [138] Cameroon Middle na 758 2.9 4
Akinbo et al. (2012) [139] Nigeria Middle Mixed 463 16.6 3
Wumba et al. (2012) [76] DR Congo Low Mixed 242 8.3 4
Bissong et al. (2015) [80] Cameroon Middle Mixed 200 2.0 3
Nsagha et al. (2016) [39] Cameroon Middle Mixed 300 21.3 4
Ojuromi et al. (2016) [82] Nigeria Middle Mixed 90 5.6 3
Asia and the Pacific
Punpoowong et al. (1998) [86] Thailand Middle Yes 22 27.3 0
Wanachiwanawin et al. (1998) [140] Thailand Middle Yes 66 33.3 3
Wanachiwanawin et al. (1999) [87] Thailand Middle Yes 91 28.6 2
Chokephaibulkit et al. (2001) [90] Thailand Middle Yes 82 19.5 2
Wiwanitkit et al. (2001) [89] Thailand Middle Mixed 60 1.7 1
Waywa et al. (2001) [91] Thailand Middle Yes 288 9.7 3
Kumar et al. (2002) [92] India Middle Mixed 150 0.7 2
Wanachiwanawin et al. (2002) [141] Thailand Middle Yes 95 25.3 2
Mohandas et al. (2002) [93] India Middle Mixed 120 2.5 3
Dwivedi et al. (2007) [48] India Middle Mixed 75 6..7 2
Saksirisampant et al. (2009) [101] Thailand Middle Mixed 90 5.6 1
Viriyavejakul et al. (2009) [100] Thailand Middle Mixed 64 81.3 2
Kulkarni et al. (2009) [44] India Middle Yes 137 1.5 1
Wang et al. (2013) [9] China Middle Mixed 683 5.7 4
Xie et al. (2015) [17] China Middle Mixed 152 5.3 0
Khalil et al. (2015) [110] India Middle Mixed 200 2.5 3
Khanduja et al. (2016) [8] India Middle Mixed 222 1.8 4
Mitra et al. (2016) [113] India Middle Mixed 194 2.1 2
Latin America and the Caribbean
Florez et al. (2003) [117] Colombia Middle Mixed 115 3.5 3
Sulaiman et al. (2003) [142] Peru Middle Mixed 2672 3.9 4
Chacin-Bonilla et al. (2006) [119] Venezuela High Mixed 103 13.6 1
Middle East and North Africa
Agholi et al. (2013) [127] Iran Middle Mixed 356 2.2 3
Eastern Europe and central Asia
Kucerova et al. (2011) [130] Russia Middle na 46 13.0 2
  1. Abbreviations: Yes, patients with diarrhea; Mixed, including patients with or without diarrhea; na, not applicable (parameter not provided)