Skip to main content

Table 3 Included studies of Isospora infection in people with HIV listed in order of year published

From: Prevalence of Cryptosporidium, microsporidia and Isospora infection in HIV-infected people: a global systematic review and meta-analysis

  Country Income level Patients with diarrhea No of patients Prevalence (%) Quality score
Western and central Europe and North America
René et al. (1989) [37] France High Mixed 132 0.8 2
Sorvillo et al. (1995) [25] USA High Mixed 16,351 0.8 2
Mathewson et al. (1998) [42] USA High Yes 83 3.6 2
Brandonisio et al. (1999) [38] Italy High Mixed 154 0.6 3
Guiguet et al. (2007) [143] France High Mixed 74,174 0.2 2
Lagrange-Xelot et al. (2008) [27] France High Mixed 6827 0.4 1
Sub-Saharan Africa
Henry et al. (1986) [32] DR Congo Low Yes 46 19.6 0
Colebunders et al. (1988) [56] DR Congo Low Yes 42 11.9 0
Therizol-Ferly et al. (1989) [57] Ivory Coast Middle Yes 148 16.2 1
Hunter et al. (1992) [58] Zambia Middle Mixed 90 7.8 2
Dieng et al. (1994) [60] Senegal Low Yes 72 15.3 1
Fisseha et al. (1999) [63] Ethiopia Low Mixed 190 1.6 2
Lebbad et al. (2001) [65] Guinea-Bissau Low Yes 37 10.8 2
Keshinro et al. (2003) [26] Nigeria Middle Yes 40 7.5 1
Sarfati et al. (2006) [69] Cameroon Middle Mixed 154 1.9 3
Mariam et al. (2008) [70] Ethiopia Low Mixed 109 1.8 2
Babatunde et al. (2010) [73] Nigeria Middle Mixed 90 11.1 1
Alemu et al. (2011) [74] Ethiopia Low Mixed 188 15.4 1
Wumba et al. (2012) [144] DR Congo Low Mixed 242 2.9 4
Abaver et al. (2012) [145] Nigeria Middle Mixed 480 1.7 3
Nwuba et al. (2012) [33] Nigeria Middle Mixed 202 24.3 3
Vouking et al. (2014) [79] Cameroon Middle Mixed 207 5.8 3
Girma et al. (2014) [77] Ethiopia Low Mixed 268 1.5 3
Bissong et al. (2015) [80] Cameroon Middle Mixed 200 6.5 3
Kiros et al. (2015) [81] Ethiopia Low Mixed 399 1.3 3
Nsagha et al. (2016) [39] Cameroon Middle Mixed 300 4.3 4
Shimelis et al. (2016) [3] Ethiopia Low Mixed 491 2.2 3
Asia and the Pacific
Punpoowong et al. (1998) [86] Thailand Middle Yes 22 4.5 0
Wanachiwanawin et al. (1999) [87] Thailand Middle Yes 91 7.7 2
Mukhopadhya et al. (1999) [146] India Middle Mixed 111 12.6 1
Prasad et al. (2000) [88] India Middle Yes 26 26.9 2
Waywa et al. (2001) [91] Thailand Middle Yes 288 4.5 3
Wiwanitkit et al. (2001) [89] Thailand Middle Mixed 60 5.0 1
Mohandas et al. (2002) [93] India Middle Mixed 120 2.5 3
Kumar et al. (2002) [92] India Middle Mixed 150 9.3 2
Guk et al. (2005) [95] South Korea High Mixed 67 7.5 1
Dwivedi et al. (2007) [48] India Middle Yes 75 2.7 2
Jayalakshmi et al. (2008) [43] India Middle Yes 89 3.4 2
Saksirisampant et al. (2009) [101] Thailand Middle Mixed 90 1.1 1
Kulkarni et al. (2009) [44] India Middle Yes 137 8.0 1
Sherchan et al. (2012) [103] Nepal Low Mixed 146 2.1 3
Baragundi Mahesh et al. (2013) [106] India Middle Mixed 75 9.3 2
Vyas et al. (2013) [105] India Middle Yes 75 12.0 2
Mehta et al. (2013) [104] India Middle Mixed 100 18.0 3
Gupta et al. (2013) [45] India Middle Mixed 100 25.0 2
Jain et al. (2014) [108] India Middle Mixed 250 0.8 2
Paboriboune et al. (2014) [107] Laos Middle Mixed 137 4.4 3
Khalil et al. (2015) [110] India Middle Mixed 200 7.5 3
Kaniyarakkal et al. (2016) [112] India Middle Mixed 200 4.5 2
Mitra et al. (2016) [113] India Middle Mixed 194 14.4 2
Shah et al. (2016) [114] India Middle Mixed 45 20.0 2
Latin America and the Caribbean
Escobedo et al. (1999) [116] Cuba Middle Mixed 67 1.5 2
Moran et al. (2005) [147] Mexico Middle Mixed 203 0.5 3
Cardoso et al. (2011) [121] Brazil Middle Mixed 500 1.2 3
Guimarães et al. (2012) [123] Brazil Middle Mixed 93 1.1 1
Assis et al. (2013) [124] Brazil Middle Mixed 59 6.8 2
Middle East and North Africa
Agholi et al. (2013) [127] Iran Middle Mixed 356 0.6 3
Salehi Sangani et al. (2016) [128] Iran Middle Mixed 80 2.5 2
  1. Abbreviations: Mixed, including patients with or without diarrhea; Yes, patients with diarrhea