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Fig. 3 | Parasites & Vectors

Fig. 3

From: Parasite spread at the domestic animal - wildlife interface: anthropogenic habitat use, phylogeny and body mass drive risk of cat and dog flea (Ctenocephalides spp.) infestation in wild mammals

Fig. 3

Dog flea (Ctenocephalides canis) infestation probability in wild mammals, mapped across a phylogeny of 639 sampled mammal species. Colours represent ancestral state mapping of the fitted infestation probability, calculated by entering species’ attributes into fitted logistic regression equations (using posterior modes for regression coefficients and variable intercepts according to phylogenetic ancestry). Cooler blues indicate low infestation probability; warmer reds show high infestation probability. Key phylogenetic host groups (i.e. clades in which multiple species show above 0.7 infestation probability) are indicated with outline figures (clockwise from top: rats (Muridae); felines (Felidae); foxes (genus Vulpes; Canidae); dogs (genus Canis; Canidae); and weasels (Mustelidae). Images were sourced from under a Creative Commons License (

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