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Table 1 Mortality and knockdown effect of insecticides on Cx. pipiens in Mohammadia, Morocco

From: Insecticide resistance and target site mutations (G119S ace-1 and L1014F kdr) of Culex pipiens in Morocco

Insecticide Exposed mosquitoes Control mosquitoes kdT50 (min) (95% CI) kdT90 (min) (95% CI)
n Mortality (%) n Mortality (%)
Lymbda-cyhalothrin (0.05%) 111 49 40 0 33 (30.52–34.95) 61 (56.23–69.20)
Permethrin (0.75%) 118 63 40 0 33 (30.07–35.07) 65 (59.09–74.43)
DDT (4%) 110 16 40 0 no kd no kd
Malathion (5%) 90 52 40 0
Bendiocarb (0.1%) 102 39 40 0
  1. Abbreviations: kdT 50 and kdT 90 knock down time for 50% and 90%, respectively, of exposed mosquitoes with confidence intervals (CI) at 5% level provided by WINDL software, n number of mosquitoes