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Table 1 Comparison of membrane type with an artificial feeding system (Hemotek, UK) on Culicoides blood-feeding rate (blood-feeding rate with range and total number offered a blood meal shown in parentheses). Data exclude gravid females and males exposed to blood-feeding system

From: Blood-feeding, susceptibility to infection with Schmallenberg virus and phylogenetics of Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) from the United Kingdom

Culicoides spp./ Species complex Blood-feeding rate (%)
Chick skin Collagen Parafilm M®
Obsoletus complex (n = 4270) 8.0 (0–16.0; n = 1384) 0 (n = 1331) 5.0 (0–32.0; n = 1555)
C. dewulfi Goetghebuer (n = 121) 7.0 (0–33.0, n = 27) 0 (n = 50) 0 (n = 44)
C. chiopterus (Meigen) (n = 2) 0 (n = 1)
C. pulicaris (L.) (n = 34) 0.03 (0–33.0; n = 34)
C. punctatus (Meigen) (n = 85) 0 (n = 37) 0 (n = 19) 0.10 (0–100.0; n = 29)
C. impunctatus Goetghebuer (n = 4) 0 (n = 1) 0 (n = 2) 0 (n = 1)
C. achrayi (Kettle & Lawson) (n = 255) 8.0 (0–33.0; n = 85) 0 (n = 87) 2.0 (0–25.0; n = 83)
C. festivipennis Kieffer (n = 43) 30.8 (0–100.0; n = 13) 0 (n = 6) 0 (n = 24)
Other Culicoides spp. (n = 4) 0 (n = 4)
Total blood-fed (%) 119 (7.9) 0 (0) 76 (4.3)