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Table 4 Nucleotide sequence distances between UK Culicoides cox1 DNA barcodes. Uncorrected percent nucleotide sequence distances, mean with range shown in parentheses split by species including the proposed clades of C. obsoletus (see Fig. 2). Intraspecific distances are shown in bold along the diagonal, interspecific distances are shown below the diagonal. The number of specimens per species (n) is shown in brackets followed by the number of specimens originating from this study; and the number originating from GenBank in parentheses

From: Blood-feeding, susceptibility to infection with Schmallenberg virus and phylogenetics of Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) from the United Kingdom

  C. chiopterus C. dewulfi C. obsoletus C. obsoletus Clade 1 C. obsoletus Clade 2a C. obsoletus Clade 2b C. scoticus
C. chiopterus [56 (0; 56)] 0.8 (0.0–3.3)       
C. dewulfi [75 (4; 71)] 22.5 (20.5–23.5) 0.1 (0.0–0.9)      
C. obsoletus [169 (124; 145)] 14.9 (13.2–18.3) 19.3 (17.5–22.8) 4.1 (0.0–12.3)     
C. obsoletus Clade 1 [206 (67; 139)] 14.6 (13.2–16.4) 18.8 (17.5–20.6)   0.9 (0.0–4.4)    
C. obsoletus Clade 2a [6 (0; 6)] 16.2 (14.1–18.3) 21.0 (19.4–22.8)   9.4 (7.6–11.7) 1.7 (0.0–8.1)   
C. obsoletus Clade 2b [57 (57; 0)] 14.7 (13.8–15.5) 20.2 (19.6–21.0)   11.1 (10.2–12.3) 8.6 (7.9–9.3) 0.6 (0.2–0.9)  
C. scoticus [92 (3; 89)] 14.0 (12.0–15.8) 18.2 (16.919.3) 12.2 (10.9–14.3) 12.1 (10.913.7) 11.6 (14.3) 12.1 (11.6–12.9) 0.4 (0.0–3.3)