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Table 3 Reported prevalence of Giardia spp. infection in the long-tailed chinchilla

From: Occurrence of Giardia duodenalis assemblages in farmed long-tailed chinchillas Chinchilla lanigera (Rodentia) from Romania

Country Husbandry system (pet/farmed/wild) Prevalence (%) Frequency Detection method Reference
Argentina Farmed 34.42 84/244 Wet mounts, IFA [46]
Belgium Pet 66.3 53/80 SCF [24]
Brazil Farmed 8.0 20/250 ZCF [47]
Brazil Farmed 38.0 38/100 ZCF [48]
Brazil Pet 10.0 6/60 ZCF [49]
Brazil Farmed 31.37 80/255 ZCF [28]
Chile Wild Negative na  
China Pet 37.5 36/96 SF [50]
China Pet 27.1 38/140 PCR [51]
Europe Pet 61.4 326/531 ELISA [31]
Italy Farmed 39.4 41/104 DFA [31]
Portugal Pet 35.2–92.3 na ZCF, SF [52]
Russia Pet 50.0 25/50 CFM [53]
Russia Pet Positive na ANF [29]
Peru Wild Negative na  
Romania Farmed 55.7 190/341 NaClF Present study
  1. Abbreviations: ANF ammonium nitrate flotation, CFM combined flotation method, DFA direct fluorescent assay, ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, IFA immunofluorescence assay, na not applicable, NaClF sodium chloride flotation, SCF sucrose gradient centrifugation-flotation technique, SF sugar flotation (Sheather’s sugar solution), ZCF zinc-sulfate centrifugation-flotation