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Table 1 Relative amount (in %, mean ± SE) of volatile compounds collected from the headspace of disturbed females and males of the three phyllosoma complex species

From: “Sweeter than a rose”, at least to Triatoma phyllosoma complex males (Triatominae: Reduviidae)

  Triatoma longipennis Triatoma pallidipennis Triatoma phyllosoma
No. Compound/ Sex
1 3-Methyl-2-pentanone 0.37 ± 0.04 (7) t 0.51 ± 0.08 (6) 0.32 ± 0.04 (7) 0.05 ± 0.02 (9) 0.11 ± 0.03 (8)
2 3-Methyl-2-hexanone 2.77 ± 0.31 (10) 0.89 ± 0.16 (8) nd nd 0.77 ± 0.30 (9) 3.89 ± 0.97 (10)
3 4-Methyl-2-heptanol 0.11 ± 0.01 (8) t nd nd nd nd
4 3,5-Dimethyl-2-hexanone 0.56 ± 0.03 (7) t nd nd nd nd
5 2-Methyl-3-pentanol 0.4 ± 0.04 (8) t 0.03 ± 0.01 (8) 1.47 ± 0.34 (10) nd nd
6 3,5-Dimethyl-2-hexanone isomera 0.04 ± 0.00 (6) t nd nd nd nd
7 6-Methyl-2-heptanol 0.37 ± 0.05 (7) 0.33 ± 0.04 (6) nd nd nd nd
8 2-Hexanol 0.05 ± 0.01 (8) t 0.31 ± 0.07 (7) 1.52 ± 0.42 (10) nd nd
9 1-Octen-3-one 0.97 ± 0.21 (7) 0.31 ± 0.03 (8) 0.64 ± 0.09 (9) 0.56 ± 0.14 (10) nd nd
10 3-Methyl-2-hexanol 0.38 ± 0.04 (8) 0.32 ± 0.04 (6) 0.84 ± 0.22 (7) 0.36 ± 0.08 (10) nd nd
11 3-Methyl-2-hexanol isomera t 0.11 ± 0.02 (6) nd nd nd nd
12 cis-Rose oxide 9.82 ± 1.61 (10) nd 7.53 ± 1.17 (10) nd 8.81 ± 4.07 (10) nd
13 trans-Rose oxide 5.63 ± 0.83 (10) nd 5.62 ± 2.06 (10) nd 2.43 ± 0.53 (10) nd
14 2-Nonanol t 0.69 ± 0.12 (7) nd nd nd nd
15 1-Octen-3-ol 1.73 ± 0.23 (6) 0.11 ± 0.02 (7) 0.16 ± 0.02 (8) 0.56 ± 0.15 (5) nd nd
16 3,5-Dimethyl-1-hexene t t nd nd nd nd
17 Decanal 0.86 ± 0.16 (7) t 2.36 ± 0.5 (7) 3.04 ± 0.69 (8) nd nd
18 Propanoic acid nd nd 0.76 ± 0.15 (10) 0.38 ± 0.07 (10) 0.33 ± 0.10 (10) 0.41 ± 0.09 (10)
19 Isobutiryc acid 75.78 ± 3.16 (10) 96.77 ± 0.43 (10) 77.24 ± 5.11 (10) 90.34 ± 2.11 (10) 87.23 ± 4.83 (10) 94.73 ± 1.21 (10)
20 Pentyl butanoate nd nd 0.51 ± 0.17 (8) 1.1 ± 0.25 (10) 0.04 ± 0.01 (10) 0.37 ± 0.10 (9)
21 2-Methyl hexanoic acid nd nd 3.49 ± 0.94 (8) 0.35 ± 0.07 (10) 0.34 ± 0.09 (10) 0.49 ± 0.10 (10)
  1. aCompound that was not identified by comparison to pure standards
  2. Note: Numbers in parentheses indicate the detection frequency for each compound (n = 10 samples)
  3. Abbreviations: t, traces (< 0.1% abundance); nd, not detected