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Table 1 Estimated pooled prevalences of canine gastrointestinal helminths in sub-Saharan Africa

From: Epidemiology of canine gastrointestinal helminths in sub-Saharan Africa

Helminth Region Sample size No. positive Pooled prevalence 95% CI I2 (%)
Overall prevalence Sub-Saharan Africa 11,343 7791 71 63–79 98
West Africa 6550 3934 59 47–70 98
East Africa 4068 3272 81 75–87 95
Southern Africa 725 585 81 68–93 90
Ancylostoma spp. Sub-Saharan Africa 11,214 4669 41 32–50 99
West Africa 5876 1882 28 18–39 98
East Africa 4514 2251 49 36–61 98
Southern Africa 824 536 66 37–93 97
Toxocara spp. Sub-Saharan Africa 11,420 2720 22 16–29 98
West Africa 6346 1563 21 11–32 99
East Africa 4250 1050 24 16–33 97
Southern Africa 824 107 12 3–24 90
Dipylidium caninum Sub-Saharan Africa 9717 1904 20 12–29 99
West Africa 5570 684 10 3–20 99
East Africa 3563 1137 32 25–38 93
Southern Africa 584 83 11 0–55 98
Taenia spp. Sub-Saharan Africa 6224 661 9 5–15 97
West Africa 3481 324 7 3–11 93
East Africa 1919 309 14 2–30 99
Southern Africa 824 28 2 0–11 96
Strongyloides spp. Sub-Saharan Africa 5398 1345 23 11–38 99
Uncinaria stenocephala Sub-Saharan Africa 2083 283 7 0–39 99
Trichuris vulpis Sub-Saharan Africa 8692 883 5 2–10 98
Spirocerca lupi Sub-Saharan Africa 2602 244 7 2–14 96
Echinococcus spp. Sub-Saharan Africa 3087 162 5 3–7 84
Toxascara spp. Sub-Saharan Africa 4040 192 3 1–7 95
  1. Abbreviation: CI confidence interval