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Table 1 Percent repellency of Phlebotomus perniciosus on dogs treated with the combination of imidacloprid and permethrin based on arithmetic means

From: Evaluation of the anti-feeding and insecticidal effects of a topically administered combination of imidacloprid and permethrin (Advantix®) against Phlebotomus (Larroussius) perniciosus (Newstead, 1911) in dogs following monthly administration

Exposure day Number of engorged sand flies Repellency (%)
Control dogs Treated dogs
Study 1 Study 2 Study 1 Study 2 Study 1 Study 2
1 58.6 57.9 0.4 2.0 99.3** 96.5**
7 62.0 62.6 1.9 0.7 97.0** 98.9**
14 64.6 63.0 7.7 2.3 88.1** 96.4**
21 65.4 63.9 7.7 5.0 88.2** 92.2**
28 68.6 63.9 6.0 4.4 91.3** 93.1**
  1. **Significant difference between the population means of the treated and control groups (P < 0.0001)