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Table 1 Land cover classification scheme and definitions

From: Spatiotemporal patterns and environmental drivers of human echinococcoses over a twenty-year period in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

Land cover type Description Content
Water bodies All areas of water Streams and canals, lakes, reservoirs, bays and estuaries
Artificial surfaces Land modified by human activities Residential areas, industrial and commercial complexes, transport infrastructure, communications and utilities, mixed urban or built-up land and other built-up land
Bare or sparsely vegetated areas Areas with little or no ‘green’ vegetation present Dry salt flats, sandy areas, bared exposed rock and mixed barren land
Herbaceous vegetation Areas characterized by natural or semi-natural vegetation Grasses and forbs
Cultivated land Areas where the natural vegetation has been removed/modified and replaced by other types of vegetative cover that have been planted for specific purposes such as food, feed and gardening Cropland and pasture, orchards, groves, vineyards, nurseries and ornamental horticultural, other cultivated land
Shrubland Natural or semi-natural woody vegetation with aerial stems less than 6 m tall Evergreen and deciduous species of true shrubs and trees or shrubs that are small or stunted
Forest Areas characterized by tree cover or semi-natural woody vegetation greater than 6 m tall Deciduous forest, evergreen forest and mixed forest