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Table 2 L1014F kdr mutation frequency of An. gambiae (s.l.) from Bouaké and association with phenotypic resistance from pyrethroid bioassays

From: The current insecticide resistance status of Anopheles gambiae (s.l.) (Culicidae) in rural and urban areas of Bouaké, Côte d’Ivoire

  Phenotype An. coluzzii An. gambiae (s.s.)
n RR RS SS f (kdrw) n RR RS SS f (kdrw)
Allokokro Alive 4 70 70 0 0 1
Dead 2 50 49 1 0 0.99
Petessou Alive 51 37 13 1 0.85 1
Dead 69 45 19 5 0.79 4
Dar Es Salam Alive 19 17 2 0 0.95 55 53 2 0 0.98
Dead 15 15 0 0 1 59 54 5 0 0.96
Kennedy Alive 4 46 45 1 0 0.99
Dead 5 27 27 0 0 1
N’gattakro Alive 33 32 1 0 0.99 36 34 2 0 0.97
Dead 19 19 0 0 1 53 51 2 0 0.98
  1. Abbreviations: n  number of females tested, f (kdrw), L1014F kdr mutation frequency within each species, L1014F a mutated allele from leucine to phenylalanine at codon 1014 of the para sodium ion channel gene, SS wildtype genotype, RR homozygous mutation, RS heterozygote for the kdr gene
  2. Note: kdr mutation frequency do not differ significantly (P > 0.05) between dead and alive mosquitoes. Note that no L1014F kdr was detected. Frequencies were not calculated when the number of individuals tested was low (−)