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Table 1 Characteristics of the study dog groups and PCR/sequencing results for the VBPs tested. All dogs tested negative on quantitative PCR for Babesia spp. and “Candidatus Mycoplasma haematoparvum”. The species of A. platys and E. canis were identified following sequencing of PCR products derived from generic Ehrlichia/Anaplasma PCR testing

From: Association between canine leishmaniosis and Ehrlichia canis co-infection: a prospective case-control study

Characteristic No. of cases ClinL (%) (n = 50) Control (%) (n = 92)
Age in years
 Median 3 4
 Interquartile range 3.3 3.0
Sex
 Male 24 (48) 50 (54)
 Female 26 (52) 42 (46)
Lifestyle
 Outoors 35 (70) 68 (74)
 Mainly indoors 15 (30) 24 (26)
Ectoparasitic prevention
 Used 17 (34) 38 (41)
 Not used 33 (66) 54 (69)
Breed
 Pedigree 35 (70) 70 (76)
 Crossbreed 15 (30) 22 (24)
A. platys
 Positive 2 (4) 3 (3)
 Negative 48 (96) 89 (97)
E. canis
 Positive 6 (12) 1 (1)
 Negative 44 (88) 91 (99)
Hepatozoon spp.
 Positive 24 (48) 41 (45)
 Negative 26 (52) 51 (55)
M. haemocanis
 Positive 14 (28) 18 (20)
 Negative 36 (72) 74 (80)
  1. Abbreviations: VBP, vector-borne pathogen; ClinL, clinical leishmaniosis; A. platys, Anaplasma platys; E. canis, Ehrlichia canis; M. haemocanis, Mycoplasma haemocanis