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Table 3 Number of nymphs and adult ticks collected and infection rates (%) of tick-borne pathogens according to developmental stage and year of collection

From: Ticks are more suitable than red foxes for monitoring zoonotic tick-borne pathogens in northeastern Italy

Year Nymphs Adults Total
  positive/tested % (95% CI) positive/ tested % (95% CI) positive/ tested % (95% CI)
2011 39/475 8.2 (5.74–10.6) 33/70 47.1 (35.45–58.84) 71/545 13.0 (10.20–15.85)
2012 27/443 6.1 (3.87–8.32) 17/80 21.3 (12.29–30.21) 44/523 8.4 (6.03–10.79)
2013 18/292 6.2 (3.41–8.92) 7/40 17.5 (5.72–29.28) 25/332 7.5 (4.69–10.37)
2014 17/201 8.5 (4.61–12.30) 10/34 29.4 (14.10–44.73) 27/2354 11.5 (7.41–15.57)
2015 28/330 8.5 (5.48–11.49) 2/17 11.8 (0.00–27.08) 30/347 8.6 (5.69–11.60)
2016 16/243 6.6 (3.47–9.70) 4/23 17.4 (1.90–32.88) 20/266 7.5 (4.35–10.69)
Total 145/1984 7.3 (6.16–8.45) 73/264 27.6 (22.26–33.05) 218/2248 9.7 (8.47–10.92)