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Table 4 Overall bivariate and multivariate odds ratios of clinical malaria

From: Fine-scale spatial and temporal variation of clinical malaria incidence and associated factors in children in rural Malawi: a longitudinal study

  Unadjusted odds ratio 95%CI Adjusted odds ratio 95% CI P value*
Negative-mRDT at recruitment Ref Ref  
Positive-mRDT at recruitment 1.12 1.00–1.26 0.98 0.86–1.10 0.719
6–18 months Ref Ref  
18–30 months 0.98 0.84–1.13 0.92 0.80–1.05 0.054**
30–48 months 1.01 0.87–1.17 0.94 0.81–1.08 0.078**
No ITN in household Ref Ref  
At least one household ITN 0.88 0.78–0.99 0.92 0.82–1.04 0.202
House with closed eaves Ref Ref  
House with open eaves 1.17 1.04–1.31 1.02 0.90–1.15 0.792
Wealth score 0.97 0.94–1.00 0.96 0.93–1.00 0.0309
Focal area A Ref Ref  
Focal area B 1.44 1.27–1.64 1.48 1.28–1.72 < 0.001
Focal area C 1.14 0.97–1.28 1.13 1.00–1.32 0.070**
  1. Abbreviations: ITN insecticide-treated bed net, mRDT malaria rapid diagnostic test
  2. *P-value for multivariate model. In bold are variables which are associated with clinical malaria at alpha = 0.05
  3. **P-values which are significant at alpha = 0.1