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Table 3 Summary of species, sample size, viraemia and antibody response to experimental infection of vertebrate species with Ross River virus

From: The non-human reservoirs of Ross River virus: a systematic review of the evidence

Species Reference Sample size Proportion with viraemic response Peak titre level Viraemia duration (h) Infected recipient vectors Proportion with antibody response
Marsupial
 Brushtail possum Trichosurus vulpecula Boyd & Kay [37] 10 0.33 7.5 CCID 48 Yes 0.8
 Agile wallaby Macropus agilis Kay et al. [27] 9 0.78 5.6 SMIC 81.6 Not reported 1
 Grey kangaroo Macropus giganteus Kay et al. [27] 3 1 4.6 SMIC 144 Not reported 1
 Bandicoot Isoodon macrourus Whitehead [38] 4 Not reported 7.2 LD50 144 Not reported 1
 Marsupial mouse Antechinus spp. Whitehead [38] 6 Not reported 8 LD50 144 Not reported Not reported
Placental mammal
 Horse Equus caballus Kay et al. [27, 34] 11 0.1 6.3 SMIC 96 Yes 0.6
 Sheep Ovis aries Kay et al. [27] 8 1 3.8 SMIC 57.6 Not reported 1
Spradbrow [55] 14 0.64 Not reported 120 Not reported 1
 Pig Sus scrofa domesticus Kay et al. [27] 11 0.91 3.0 SMIC 81.6 Not reported 0.45
Spradbrow [55] 3 1 Not reported 48 Not reported 1
 Cow Bos taurus Kay et al. [27] 6 0.16 2.3 SMIC 48 Not reported 0.16
 Cat Felis catus Boyd & Kay [58] 10 0 0 0 No 0.1
 Dog Canis lupus familiaris Boyd & Kay [58] 10 0 0 0 No 0.1
 Grey-headed flying fox Pteropus poliocephalus Ryan et al. [33] 10 0.25 2.2 TCID Not reported Yes 0.33
 Rat Rattus spp. Whitehead [38] 4 Not reported 7.4 LD50 72 Not reported 1
 Rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus Kay et al. [27] 9 0.67 3.1 SMIC 55.2 Not reported Not reported
Whitehead [38] 4 Not reported 4.7 LD50 48 Not reported 1
Bird
 Chicken Gallus gallus domesticus Kay et al. [27] 20 0.95 2.8 SMIC 69.6 Not reported 0.55
Whitehead [38] 16 Not reported 5.0 LD50 120 Not reported 0.75
 Black duck Anas rubripes Kay et al. [27] 3 0.67 1.8 SMIC 96 Not reported 1
 Little corella Cacatua sanguinea Kay et al. [27] 12 0.5 2.3 SMIC 50.4 Yes 0
 Pigeon Columba livia domestica Whitehead [38] 5 0 0 0 Not reported 0.6
  1. Abbreviations: SMIC, suckling mouse intracerebral injection; CCID50, cell culture infectious dose; TCID, tissue culture infectious dose; LD50, lethal dose per gm of whole blood