Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 1 Prevalence of tick-borne pathogens in 102 cats from Luanda, Angola, as determined by PCR and DNA sequencing

From: Molecular detection of Anaplasma bovis, Ehrlichia canis and Hepatozoon felis in cats from Luanda, Angola

Variable/Category No. of cats tested (%) Percentage (n) of infected cats 95% CI (%)
Gender 101   
 Female 56 (55.4) 5.4 (3) 1.1–14.9
 Male 45 (44.6) 6.7 (3) 1.4–18.3
Breed 96   
 Mixed 92 (95.8) 6.5 (6) 2.4–13.7
 Defineda 4 (4.2) 0.0 (0) 0.0–60.2
Age group 100   
 Juvenileb 50 (50.0) 6.0 (3) 1.3–16.5
 Adultc 50 (50.0) 6.0 (3) 1.3–16.5
Hair length 102   
 Short 85 (83.3) 7.1 (6) 2.6–14.7
 Medium or long 17 (16.7) 0.0 (0) 0.0–19.5
Housing 102   
 Indoors 37 (36.3) 0.0 (0) 0.0–9.5
 Outdoors or mixed 65 (63.7) 9.2 (6) 3.5–19.0
Contact with other animals 97   
 No 20 (20.6) 0.0 (0) 0.0–16.8
 Yesd 77 (79.4) 7.8 (6) 2.9–16.2
Travele 102   
 No 60 (58.8) 3.3 (2) 0.4–11.5
 Yes 42 (41.2) 9.5 (4) 2.7–22.6
Ectoparasiticides 91   
 No 84 (92.3) 6.0 (5) 2.0–13.3
 Yesf 7 (7.7) 14.3 (1) 0.4–57.9
Fleas 102   
 No 89 (87.3) 5.6 (5) 1.9–12.6
 Yesg 13 (12.7) 7.7 (1) 0.2–36.0
Clinical status 102   
 Apparently healthy 89 (87.3) 6.7 (6) 2.5–14.1
 Sickh 13 (12.7) 0.0 (0) 0.0–24.7
Total 102 (100) 5.9 (6)i 2.2–12.4
  1. Abbreviations: 95% CI 95% confidence interval
  2. aComprising 2 Persian and 2 Siamese cats
  3. b2.5–11.5 months
  4. c12–143 months
  5. dIncluding cats, dogs, rodents and/or birds
  6. eOutside the province of Luanda
  7. fFipronil
  8. gNot identified
  9. hClinical manifestations and laboratory abnormalities: anemia, anorexia/hyporexia, cough, cutaneous lesions, diarrhea, fever, leukocytosis, leukopenia, neurological disorders, ocular signs, thrombocytopenia, weight loss, vomiting
  10. iAnaplasma bovis (n = 1), Ehrlichia canis (n = 3) and Hepatozoon canis (n = 3), including 1 cat co-infected with both E. canis and H. felis