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Table 3 Giardia duodenalis prevalences and genotypes in cervids

From: Prevalence and molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia duodenalis in deer in Henan and Jilin, China

Location Host No. of samples No. positive Prevalence (95% CI) No. of samples genotyped Giardia spp./ Giardia duodenalis assemblage Reference
Italy Fallow deer 139 16 11.5 (6.1–16.9) 8 A-I (8) [21]
Croatia Red deer 374 4 1.1 (0.4–3.1) 4 A (3), D (1) [19]
Roe deer 21 5 24.0 (8.2–47.0) 5 A (2), D (2), G. microti (1)  
Poland Red deer 61 1 1.6 (0–4.9) 1 A-III (1) [22]
Roe deer 50 2 4.0 (0–9.6) 2 A-I (2)  
Poland Red deer 28 5 17.9 (2.7–33.0) 4 B (4) [28]
Roe deer 48 11 22.9 (10.6–35.2) 8 B (8)  
Moose 23 4 17.0    
USA White-tailed deer 80 1 1.3 (0–3.7) 1 A (1) [13]
USA White-tailed deer 26 1 3.8 (0–11.8) 1 A (1) [23]
USA White-tailed deer 394 5 1.3 (0.2–2.4)    [78]
USA Reindeer     1 A (1) [27]
Spain Roe deer 212 19 8.9 (5.1–12.8) 7 A-II (7) [6]
Spain Roe deer 224 12 5.4 (2.4–8.3)    [20]
Spain Deer 181 14 7.7 (3.8–11.7)    [76]
Sweden Fallow deer     2 A (1), E (1) [24]
Moose     1 A (1)  
Italy Fallow deer     8 A-III (8) [25]
Norway Reindeer     6 A (6) [26]
Moose     13 A (13)  
Norway Red deer 289 5 1.7 (0.2–3.2)    [75]
Roe deer 291 45 15.5 (11.1–19.6)    
Reindeer 155 11 7.1 (3.0–11.2)    
Moose 455 56 12.3 (9.3–15.3)    
Australia Sambar deer, red deer, fallow deer 1563 10 0.6 (0.2–1.0) 10 A-I (1), A-III (9) [16]
Netherlands Roe deer     1 A (1) [29]
Canada Caribou 149 3 2.0 (0–4.3)    [77]