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Table 4 Percentage of motility of H. contortus adult worns when exposed to different concentrations of essential oils

From: Essential oils of Citrus aurantifolia, Anthemis nobile and Lavandula officinalis: in vitro anthelmintic activities against Haemonchus contortus

   Time (hours)
  Concentration (mg/ml) 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24
Control (+) 100 49b 22b 9b 2b 0b 0b 0b 0b 0b 0b 0b 0
Control (-) 1 100a 100 91 84 71 53 40 31 22 16 11 7 0a
Control (-) 2 100a 100 91 80 64 51 33 24 18 13 4 2 0a
C. aurantifolia 50.0 100a 49a,b 27a,b 11a,b 7a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a
5.0 100a 49a,b 27a,b 18a,b 9a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a
0.5 100a 87b 58b 40b 13b 9b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a
A. nobilis 50.0 100a 44a,b 13a,b 4a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a
5.0 100a 49a,b 18a,b 13a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a
0.5 100a 69b 38b 33b 16b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a
L. officinalis 50.0 100a 44a,b 31a,b 13a,b 7a,b 0a,b 0a 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a
5.0 100a 56a,b 36b 29b 1 a,b 2a,b 0a 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a
0.5 100a 82b 54b 44b 24b 13b 9a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a,b 0a
  1. Key: Control (+), levamisole 20 mg/ml; Control (-) 1, PBS + antibiotic (penicillin/streptomycin) 4% + tween 80 2%; Control (-) 2, PBS + antibiotic (penicillin/streptomycin) 4%
  2. aNo statistically significant difference between positive control and treatments
  3. bSignificant difference between positive control or treatments with negative control (ANOVA, followed by Tukey test; P < 0.05)